BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 1 Cardiovascular System Lab
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BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 1 Cardiovascular System Lab

BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 1 Cardiovascular System Lab

Name

Capella University

BIO FPX 1000 Human Biology

Prof. Name

Date

Cardiovascular System Lab

The Cardiovascular System Lab evaluates heart function systematically, including the impact of blood pressure on cardiac performance. This entails analyzing the effects of blood pressure variations on patients as demonstrated by lab reports. This paper discusses normal blood pressure, associated levels of concern, optimal heart rate, and parameters for a healthy heart rate. Furthermore, it explores the relationship between heart rate and blood pressure, interprets cardiovascular lab results, and suggests lifestyle modifications based on the findings of the lab reports.

What is Blood Pressure

Blood pressure is the force exerted as blood is propelled from the heart to the body. Diastolic pressure represents the force exerted as the heart expels blood, while systolic pressure is the resting pressure between cardiac beats. The optimal blood pressure range is approximately 90/60mm Hg to 120/80mm Hg (National Health Service, 2019). Hypertension is diagnosed when persistently elevated blood pressure exceeds 130/80 mm Hg, often manageable through lifestyle changes. Blood pressure in the range of 140/90 mm Hg or higher necessitates prompt medication and attention (National Health Service, 2019).

What is Heart Rate

Heart rate refers to the number of heartbeats per minute needed to meet the body’s oxygen demands (Harvard Health Publishing, 2020). It is important to note that a higher heart rate does not always indicate high blood pressure (Beckerman, 2002). Resting heart rate reflects the heart’s activity when the body is at rest, with 60 to 100 beats per minute considered a healthy range (American Heart Association, 2021). Maximum heart rate, the rate during strenuous activity, can be calculated using the formula 220 minus the individual’s age (American Heart Association, 2021). Abnormal heart rates, exceeding 120-140 bpm or falling below 60 bpm, raise concerns about the individual’s health (Mayo Clinic, n.d.).

BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 1 Cardiovascular System Lab

Correlation between Heart Rate and Blood Pressure

Persistent hypertension is a significant health concern and a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Elevated heart rate is commonly associated with hypertensive patients and is considered a contributor to hypertension and other cardiovascular issues (Dalal et al., 2019). Positive correlations exist between elevated heart rate and cardiovascular morbidity, potentially leading to premature mortality (Goorakani et al., 2020).

Cardiovascular Results in Patients and Improvement of Lifestyle Changes

Patient 1: Tanya

  • Age: 40
  • Complaint: Frequent headaches
  • Blood Pressure Test: 125/80 mm Hg (pre-hypertension)
  • Heart rate Test: 66-72 bpm (normal)

Patient 2: Caroline Mendoza

  • Age: 45
  • Complaint: Persistent high blood pressure
  • Blood Pressure Test: 140/90 mm Hg (intense high blood pressure)
  • Heart rate Test: 135 bpm (alarming situation)

Conclusion

Blood pressure, the force exerted by the heart to pump blood, should ideally remain below 120/90 mmHg, with persistent levels above indicating high blood pressure. Heart rate, the rate at which the heart beats in a minute, exhibits variations in resting and maximum levels, with the latter dependent on the individual’s age. Hypertension poses a significant health risk and is a contributing factor to cardiovascular diseases.

References

American Heart Association. (2021). Know your target heart rates for exercise, losing weight, and health. www.heart.org

Beckerman, J. (2002). Your Heart Rate. WebMD. www.webmd.com

Dalal, J., Dasbiswas, A., Sathyamurthy, I., Maddury, S. R., Kerkar, P., Bansal, S., Thomas, J., Mandal, S. C., Mookerjee, S., Natarajan, S., Kumar, V., Chandra, N., Khan, A., Vijayakumar, R., & Sawhney, J. P. S. (2019). Heart rate in hypertension: review and expert opinion. International Journal of Hypertension, 2019, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/2087064

Goorakani, Y., Sedigh Rahimabadi, M., Dehghan, A., Kazemi, M., Chijan, M. R., Bijani, M., Shahraki, H. R., Davoodi, A., Farjam, M., & Homayounfar, R. (2020). Correlation of resting heart rate with anthropometric factors and serum biomarkers in a population-based study: Fasa PERSIAN cohort study. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, 20(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12872-020-01594-y

Harvard Health Publishing. (2020). What your heart rate is telling you – Harvard Health. www.health.harvard.edu

Mayo Clinic. (n.d.). 2 easy, accurate ways to measure your heart rate. www.mayoclinic.org

National Health Service. (2019). What is blood pressure?

BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 1 Cardiovascular System Lab