BUS FPX 4068 Assessment 4 Specialized Fraud Areas
Phillip March 9, 2024 No Comments

BUS FPX 4068 Assessment 4 Specialized Fraud Areas

BUS FPX 4068 Assessment 4 Specialized Fraud Areas


Capella university

BUS-FPX4068 Contemporary Auditing Using Investigative Accounting Practices

Prof. Name


Case 1: How Ralph Should Handle the Situation

Ralph should engage in a discussion with Lisa regarding the potential consequences of tax evasion or fraud, emphasizing the importance of compliance with IRS regulations. Advising Lisa to disclose her foreign trust and associated income to the IRS is crucial. If Lisa agrees to comply after their discussion, Ralph need not terminate their engagement. However, if she persists in refusal, Ralph should consider discontinuing his consulting services for her and the company. In the event that Lisa fails to report her trust or income to the IRS, Ralph may consult with legal counsel to determine the ethical implications of reporting the attempted tax evasion (Hopwood, Leiner, & Young, 2012).

Case 2: Forensic Accounting Investigation for Christina

To initiate the investigation, Rick, the forensic accountant, should begin by examining Jose’s federal tax returns since Jose is uncooperative in disclosing his assets. Analysis of W-2 forms, various 1040 forms, and deduction forms could reveal hidden assets or income. Subsequently, reviewing bank statements and loan applications becomes imperative. However, accessibility to information regarding foreign trusts or accounts in the US may be limited. If Jose has concealed assets in foreign trusts, conventional investigative methods may prove futile (Hopwood, Leiner, & Young, 2012).

BUS FPX 4068 Assessment 4 Specialized Fraud Areas

If Jose owns a property in Mexico undisclosed, the likelihood of discovery depends on whether he obtained the property through legitimate means using his social security number or through unofficial channels. If the purchase was made with cash or through unofficial means, detection may prove challenging. Ideally, evidence such as cash flow records, public sale records, or recent tax filings may indicate the existence of the property (Hopwood, Leiner, & Young, 2012).

Case 3: Valuation of the Duplex Apartment Building

Valuing the duplex apartment building requires consideration of fair market value, defined as the amount a property would sell for in an open market with willing buyers and sellers, fully informed and motivated (Hopwood, Leiner, & Young, 2012). Given the neighbor’s offer of $1.3 million, this figure serves as a reasonable valuation reference, despite Mark’s reluctance to sell. Utilizing this offer acknowledges the property’s potential value, compensating for sentimental attachment. Generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) advocate for prudence to prevent overestimating assets. In real estate valuation, market value often supersedes historical cost, aligning with GAAP principles (Hopwood, Leiner, & Young, 2012; Bertsch, 2013).

Case 4: Litigation vs. Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR)

From Williams’s perspective, ADR is preferable due to its cost-effectiveness, privacy, and expediency, minimizing financial and reputational harm to her company. ADR also preserves the business relationship, facilitating future collaborations (Hopwood, Leiner, & Young, 2012).

Dunn might favor litigation to establish a precedent, holding Williams accountable for the quality issue. While ADR offers cost and time savings, litigation ensures a clear verdict, potentially favoring Dunn and compelling Williams to cover damages (Hopwood, Leiner, & Young, 2012).

Preferred ADR Method

Med-arb emerges as the preferred ADR method for both companies, combining mediation and arbitration. This non-traditional approach allows for attempted resolution through mediation, with arbitration as a fallback if necessary, reducing time and redundancy (Hopwood, Leiner, & Young, 2012).


Bertsch, L. (July 1, 2013). “GAAP: Generally accepted accounting principles.” Larry L. Bertsch, CPA & Associates. Retrieved on June 18, 2022 from https://llbcpa.com/gaapgenerally-accepted-accounting-principles/

Hopwood, W. S., Leiner, J. J., & Young, G. R. (2012). Forensic accounting and fraud examination (2nd ed.). McGraw-Hill.

BUS FPX 4068 Assessment 4 Specialized Fraud Areas