NURS FPX 4030 Assessment 2 Determining the Credibility of Evidence and Resources
Phillip April 18, 2024 No Comments

Determining the Credibility of Evidence and Resources

NURS FPX 4030 Assessment 2 Determining the Credibility of Evidence and Resources


Capella university

NURS-FPX 4030 Making Evidence-Based Decisions

Prof. Name


Determining the Credibility of Evidence and Resources

Owing to the presence of immense data on internet about every health issue, it is possible that the provided data are not evidence-based and merely based on intuition and surface studies. It is important that we seek in-depth knowledge of healthcare-related data to find out its authenticity and validity. In this regard, journals and websites which are governed by governments are more authentic in terms of providing evidence-based data than the data found on website pages. In this article, the focus is on finding credible resources that can help the nurses obtain valuable and credible information for treating and managing Diabetes Mellitus. There are various criteria used for evaluating the credibility of evidence and resources. Credible resources and evidence-based data can be used by nurses to bring better patient outcomes and disease management in diabetics.

Diabetes Benefitting from an Evidence-Based Approach

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic illness that requires ongoing treatment along with management strategies for getting optimum and sustained control of glycemic level. It can be roughly classified into three types, type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, and Gestational diabetes. Type 1 diabetes involves the insufficient production of insulin by pancreatic cells which makes the patients take insulin subcutaneously to control hyperglycemia.

The most common type among the three types of diabetes is type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). T2DM is characterized by the development of insulin resistance in the cells of the body where the cells are unable to utilize the available insulin produced by the pancreatic cells. The underlying causes can be age, genetics, obesity, etc. Patients suffering from type 2 diabetes need critical care treatment for their survival (Khan et al., 2019). The prevalence of diabetes can be seen from the statistics provided by the WHO.

NURS FPX 4030 Assessment 2 Determining the Credibility of Evidence and Resources

According to WHO, there are approximately 422 million people suffering from diabetes globally, the majority being people natives to low- and middle-income countries. Every year, 1.5 million deaths are reported as a result of diabetes. New incidence reports of diabetes and the prevalence of diabetes have been rapidly enhancing in the past few years (World Health Organization, 2023). There are various advanced complications and risks associated with diabetes showing detrimental effects on the liver, brain, and other organs of the body. This includes liver diseases, systemic infections, dementia, and cancers in diabetic patients (Tomic et al., 2022). This shows there is an ultimate need of using evidence-based data on diabetes, its treatment, and management.

As diabetes demands critical care and treatment from nurses, its essential to obtain credible evidence-based data for gaining authentic knowledge on its treatment. Nurses can use evidence-based research in their evidence-based practices of diabetes for better health outcomes in diabetics by implementing appropriate and credible treatment methods (Tena et al., 2023).

Criteria to be Considered in Determining Credibility of Resources

Numerous criteria have been established to evaluate the reliability and credibility of resources such as journals and websites. One of these criteria is CRAAP methodology which is utilized in checking whether the research resource is credible or not. The CRAAP test originates back to 2004 at California State University of Chico. it was developed for the students to use this mnemonic for the evaluation criteria on the new information they encountered (Sye & Thompson, 2023).

CRAAP test stands for currency, relevance, authority, accuracy, and purpose. Currency tells the article’s time of publication. Relevance is focused on the relatedness of information to your requirements. Authority tells about the source of information such as the author, their credentials, and affiliations to the organizations. Accuracy is about the validity and truthfulness of the content. Purpose tells about the intention of the provided information whether the information is delivered to sell, teach or entertain (Sye & Thompson, 2023).

Application of CRAAP on Research Evidence:



Currency From the bibliography, it is clear that the article has been published lately and comes under the last 5 years of research resources.
Relevance The title of this article “The burden and risks of emerging complications of diabetes mellitus” depicts that it is relevant to the topic of our interest which is diabetes and the further content in the article reveals the relevant information to diabetes mellitus.
Authority The authors Tomic, Shaw, and Magliano are related to diabetes as they are affiliated with Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Australia.
Accuracy The contents of this article are based on research evidence and are accurate.
Purpose The objective of this article is to provide the public and healthcare professionals with knowledge of the complications and risks of diabetes.

Analysis of Credibility and Relevance of Evidence and Resources

In this paper, all the resources used are evidence-based and taken from official health websites of the government. They fulfill the criteria mentioned in the CRAAP test and are useful for nurses and other healthcare professionals in diabetes treatment and management. The article written by the authors Khan and colleagues (2019) is authentic as it comes under the category of the last 5 years of published articles and is relevant as it conveys information about prediabetes, diabetes, and its treatment and all the information is based on the research evidence and the authors are all related to the field of biological sciences. The Journal publisher is Medicina which is a peer-reviewed journal.

The objective of this article paper is to provide authentic knowledge on diabetes and its treatment based on evidence-based research. Another article authorized by Tena and fellows (2023) is about the evidence-based research on telemedicine in controlling Hb1Ac in type 2 diabetes is a credible article and follows the criteria mentioned in the CRAAP test.

NURS FPX 4030 Assessment 2 Determining the Credibility of Evidence and Resources

The article is relevant to diabetes specifically targeting management strategies by the aid of telehealth. The authors are related to the field of nursing and the journal is the Nursing Journal of Indonesia which is accredited by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Research, and Technology of the Republic of Indonesia.

The article provides evidence-based information on using telehealth in type 2 diabetic patients. Hence, it is useful for nurses to implement telehealth strategies inefficient management of diabetes. All these articles mentioned above are credible and useful but the most useful article for nurses is the one authorized by Tomic and colleagues (2022) as the emerging complications need to be well managed by the nurses and other healthcare professionals and this article is well-researched and credible enough to take data from it and implement in real-life scenarios of diabetes for managing any new complication associated with diabetes.

Importance of Incorporating Research Data into Evidence-Based Models

Evidence-Based Practice models are important in clinical decision-making by integrating the latest research into the well-structured guiding tools provided in these models. Various nursing evidence-based research models have been developed. One of these models is Stetler Model which aims at finding how evidence-based data can be implemented in clinical practice. The model investigates the ways of utilizing evidence so that changes can be made to enhance patient-centered care (Indra, 2018). There are five steps in this model know as phases. The phase one is called preparation where the priority needs (diabetes problems solutions) are identified, the objective of the EBP is listed (better health outcomes in diabetic patients), and relevant sources of evidence (diabetes related pieces of evidence) are gathered. In phase two which is validation, the sources of evidence are validated in terms

of quality by finding whether the source has a standard and fits appropriately to the objective (better health outcomes in diabetics) and whether the source of evidence should be approved or not in relation the project purpose (diabetes treatment and management). In phase three of comparative evaluation/decision-making, a summary of evidence is obtained and evaluated. Next phase involved application in which implementation of shortened results (diabetes management strategies) are brought into practice. The last phase is the evaluation phase which comprises of finding outcomes of the project (improved patient health and diabetes management) and compares with the objective of EBP to confirm the EBP goals are accomplished (Tisdale, 2019).


In conclusion, the credibility of evidence-based data on diabetes is evaluated by following the CRAAP test and this enables nurses to find which resources of evidence are reliable and can be acted upon for treating and managing diabetes in diabetic patients. Furthermore, evidence-based practice models are helpful in navigating nurses through the best evidence-based research data by making clinical-decision based on guiding tools in EBP models. One such model used is the Stetler Model in which diabetes-related evidence-based data was tested to make appropriate decisions on its implementation based on the clinical outcomes up to the expected goals of the Evidence-based research.


Indra, V. (2018). A review on models of evidence-based practice. Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research, 8(4), 549–552.

Khan, R. M. M., Chua, Z. J. Y., Tan, J. C., Yang, Y., Liao, Z., & Zhao, Y. (2019). From pre-diabetes to diabetes: Diagnosis, treatments and translational research. Medicina, 55(9), 546.

Sye, D., & Thompson, D. (2023). Tools, tests, and checklists: The evolution and future of source evaluation frameworks. Journal of New Librarianship, 8(1), 76–100.

NURS FPX 4030 Assessment 2 Determining the Credibility of Evidence and Resources

Tena, A., Arafat, R., & Irwan, A. M. (2023). Telemedicine in controlling hba1c in type 2 Diabetes Mellitus patients: A systematic review. Jurnal Keperawatan, 15(1), 173–182.

Tisdale, G. (2019). Impact of telehealth education versus standard care on increasing self-efficacy scores and diabetes knowledge in adult diabetics. Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library, The George Washington University.

Tomic, D., Shaw, J. E., & Magliano, D. J. (2022). The burden and risks of emerging complications of Diabetes Mellitus. Nature Reviews Endocrinology, 18(9), 1–15.

World Health Organization. (2023). Diabetes. World Health Organization. Retrieved from