NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan
Phillip April 19, 2024 No Comments

Health Promotion Plan

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan

Name

Capella university

NURS-FPX 4060 Practicing in the Community to Improve Population Health

Prof. Name

Date

Health Promotion Plan: Teen Pregnancy

In addressing the persistent issue of adolescent pregnancy, it is imperative to formulate a comprehensive health promotion plan targeting the underlying causes and offering tailored support to affected individuals. Adolescent pregnancy not only impacts the young mother and her offspring but also carries broad implications for families, communities, and public health systems. The ramifications of early childbearing encompass social, economic, and health-related challenges.

This health promotion plan is crafted to alleviate the burden of adolescent pregnancy within a specified target population. By delivering focused education, support, and resources, the plan endeavors to instigate positive behavioral changes contributing to enhanced health outcomes and overall well-being for both the individuals affected and their communities. This introduction delineates the context of the issue, identifies the target population, and elucidates the goals and objectives of the proposed health promotion plan. The plan will be structured to cater to the needs of the target population, prioritizing prevention strategies, awareness campaigns, and educational initiatives to empower adolescents in making informed decisions regarding their reproductive health.

In-depth Analysis of the Community Health Concern

Adolescent pregnancy constitutes a pressing issue affecting individuals, families, and communities across various dimensions. It is associated with diverse negative consequences, including compromised educational attainment, heightened risk of poverty, and suboptimal health outcomes for both the adolescent mother and her offspring (Nkhoma et al., 2020). This comprehensive analysis of adolescent pregnancy as a community health concern will explore the contributing factors, underlying assumptions, and areas of uncertainty in the analysis.

Multiple factors contribute to adolescent pregnancy, such as socioeconomic status, inadequate comprehensive sex education, family history, cultural norms, and limited access to contraception (Malunga et al., 2023). It is imperative to recognize that these factors often intersect and interact in intricate ways, making it challenging to pinpoint a singular cause or solution. The analysis posits that addressing these contributing factors can mitigate the risk of adolescent pregnancy among vulnerable populations. Moreover, it assumes that targeted interventions can effectively address the complex interplay of these factors.

Nevertheless, it is crucial to acknowledge the presence of other unknown factors influencing adolescent pregnancy rates that are not addressed in this analysis. Although research has identified several factors contributing to adolescent pregnancy, there remains uncertainty surrounding the relative significance of these factors and the most efficacious strategies to address them (Meyer et al., 2021). Additionally, variations in how these factors impact different populations contribute to uncertainty regarding the generalizability of the findings. Furthermore, the effectiveness of specific interventions may vary depending on the context and target population.

Importance of Health Promotion for the Chosen Population

The target population for this health promotion plan comprises adolescent females aged 15-19 residing in economically disadvantaged urban communities, primarily comprising African American and Hispanic individuals. This demographic is particularly vulnerable to the issue of adolescent pregnancy due to various factors. Addressing adolescent pregnancy in this population is pivotal for promoting health equity and reducing disparities in health outcomes.

  1. Lower Socioeconomic Status: Studies indicate that adolescent women from low-income backgrounds are disproportionately affected by adolescent pregnancy (Akanbi et al., 2021). Limited access to resources, education, and support services exacerbates the likelihood of unintended pregnancies.
  2. Limited Access to Comprehensive Sex Education: Comprehensive sex education plays a pivotal role in preventing adolescent pregnancies. However, many low-income neighborhoods lack access to such programs, leaving adolescent women uninformed about their reproductive health and contraceptive options (Moniz et al., 2022).
  3. Cultural Beliefs and Norms Regarding Early Childbearing: Cultural contexts may perceive early childbearing as acceptable or desirable, contributing to higher rates of adolescent pregnancy within certain populations (Browman et al., 2019).
  4. Reduced Access to Contraception and Reproductive Health Services: Limited availability of contraception and reproductive healthcare facilities exacerbates the incidence of adolescent pregnancy. This issue is particularly pronounced in low-income neighborhoods with restricted access to healthcare providers and clinics (Akanbi et al., 2021).

By directing educational initiatives and support towards this demographic, we can empower adolescent females to make informed choices regarding their reproductive well-being and future prospects. Addressing adolescent pregnancy in this population is critical for promoting health equity, reducing disparities in health outcomes, and ultimately enhancing the overall well-being of the community.

Establishing Agreed-Upon Health Goals with Hypothetical Participants

To establish realistic, measurable, and attainable health goals, we collaborated with hypothetical participants in developing the health promotion plan. Within the targeted group of adolescent females aged 15-19 in a low-income urban neighborhood with a predominantly African American and Hispanic demographic, addressing factors contributing to adolescent pregnancy, such as socioeconomic status, limited access to comprehensive sex education, cultural beliefs, and reduced access to contraception and reproductive health services, was imperative.

To foster positive behavioral changes related to reproductive health, three SMART goals were established:

  1. Increase Knowledge of Effective Contraception Methods: Increase the percentage of participants who can accurately identify at least three effective methods of contraception by 75% within three months after the educational session.
  2. Decrease Unprotected Sexual Activity: Decrease the self-reported rate of unprotected sexual activity among participants by 50% within six months after the educational session.
  3. Enhance Confidence in Discussing Sexual Health: Increase the percentage of participants who report feeling confident in discussing contraception and sexual health with a partner or healthcare provider by 60% within three months after the educational session.

The success of the health promotion plan will be evaluated based on the attainment of these SMART goals. By involving hypothetical participants in establishing these goals, relevance and realism for the targeted population are ensured.

Conclusion

The proposed health promotion plan seeks to address the critical issue of adolescent pregnancy in a vulnerable population. By focusing on education and support, we aim to empower adolescent females in making informed choices about their reproductive well-being, thereby leading to improved health outcomes and reduced inequalities. With the successful implementation of this plan and achievement of the established SMART goals, we can contribute to the broader endeavor of promoting health equity and enhancing the well-being of our communities.

References

Akanbi, M. A., Ope, B. W., Adeloye, D. O., Amoo, E. O., Iruonagbe, T. C., & Omojola, O. (2021). Influence of socio-economic factors on prevalence of teenage pregnancy in Nigeria. African Journal of Reproductive Health, 25(5s), 138–146. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajrh/article/view/221412

Browman, A. S., Destin, M., Kearney, M. S., & Levine, P. B. (2019). How economic inequality shapes mobility expectations and behaviour in disadvantaged youth. Nature Human Behaviour, 3(3), 214–220. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-018-0523-0

Lohan, M., Brennan-Wilson, A., Hunter, R., Gabrio, A., McDaid, L., Young, H., French, R., Aventin, Á., Clarke, M., McDowell, C., Logan, D., Toase, S., O’Hare, L., Bonell, C., Gillespie, K., Gough, A., Lagdon, S., Warren, E., Buckley, K., & Lewis, R. (2022). Effects of gender-transformative relationships and sexuality education to reduce adolescent pregnancy (the JACK trial): A cluster-randomised trial. The Lancet Public Health, 7(7), e626–e637. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(22)00117-7

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan

Malunga, G., Sangong, S., Saah, F. I., & Bain, L. E. (2023). Prevalence and factors associated with adolescent pregnancies in Zambia: A systematic review from 2000–2022. Archives of Public Health, 81(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13690-023-01045-y

Meyer, A. N. D., Giardina, T. D., Khawaja, L., & Singh, H. (2021). Patient and clinician experiences of uncertainty in the diagnostic process: Current understanding and future directions. Patient Education and Counseling, 104(11). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2021.07.028

Moniz, M. H., Spector-Bagdady, K., Perritt, J. B., Heisler, M., Loder, C. M., Wetmore, M. K., & Harris, L. H. (2022). Balancing enhanced contraceptive access with risk of reproductive injustice: A United States comparative case study. Contraception, 113, 88–94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2022.04.004

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan

Nkhoma, D. E., Lin, C.-P., Katengeza, H. L., Soko, C. J., Estinfort, W., Wang, Y.-C., Juan, S.-H., Jian, W.-S., & Iqbal, U. (2020). Girls’ empowerment and adolescent pregnancy: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(5), 1664. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051664

Taylor, R. J., Shade, K., Lowry, S. J., & Ahrens, K. (2019). Evaluation of reproductive health education in transition-age youth. Children and Youth Services Review, 104530. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2019.104530