HIM FPX 4610 Assessment 6 Health Topic Presentation
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HIM FPX 4610 Assessment 6 Health Topic Presentation

HIM FPX 4610 Assessment 6 Health Topic Presentation

Name

Capella university

HIM-FPX 4610 Medical Terminology

Prof. Name

Date

Health Topic Presentation: Diabetes Mellitus

Introduction

Hello, my name is Heather Jones, and I want to personally welcome you and thank you for allowing me to be here today. As a nurse, it has been my life’s work to care for those who are ill. Diabetes mellitus affects millions of families every day, including my own. I want to share some educational information about diabetes mellitus that you may or may not already know. In my upcoming presentation, I will explain the etiology of diabetes mellitus, causes, signs and symptoms, prognosis, treatments, diagnostic procedures, support systems, as well as prevention strategies.

Etiology and Types

Diabetes is a long-term illness that hinders your body’s ability to convert food into usable fuel. Most of the food you consume is converted into glucose and absorbed into your circulation as sugar. When your blood sugar goes high, it signals your pancreas to release insulin. Insulin is like a key that unlocks the door to your cells, allowing glucose from your blood to be used as fuel.

  • Type 1 Diabetes: It is believed that type 1 diabetes is brought on by an autoimmune response, preventing insulin production in the body. Formerly known as insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes, it may affect people of any age.
  • Type 2 Diabetes: In type 2 diabetes, the body is unable to effectively utilize insulin, leading to persistently high blood sugar levels. It’s often discovered in adults after years of symptoms but is increasingly diagnosed in younger people.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Type 1: Symptoms may take months or years to appear and can be severe. They may include increased thirst, hunger, fatigue, and unexplained weight loss.
  • Type 2: Symptoms are similar but may develop more gradually. They include increased thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, and blurred vision.

Complications and Risk Factors

  • Complications of chronically elevated blood sugar levels include heart disease, eye problems, kidney disease, and more.
  • Risk factors include genetics, age, ethnicity, and a history of gestational diabetes.

Diagnostic Procedures

  • Diagnostic tests include the A1C test, random blood sugar test, fasting blood sugar test, and glucose tolerance test.

Prognosis

  • Type 1: With insulin therapy, individuals with type 1 diabetes can lead long lives, though their lifespan may be shorter than average.
  • Type 2: Untreated type 2 diabetes can have serious health effects, but with management, life expectancy can be improved.

Treatment

  • Treatment for type 1 diabetes involves insulin therapy, blood sugar monitoring, and lifestyle management.
  • Treatment for type 2 diabetes includes lifestyle modifications, oral medications, insulin therapy, or a combination of these.

Support Systems

  • Diabetes educators play a crucial role in supporting individuals with diabetes in managing their condition.

Prevention

  • Strategies for preventing type 2 diabetes include maintaining a healthy weight, a balanced diet, and regular physical activity.

References

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). Diabetes. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/index.html

American Heart Association editorial staff and reviewed by science and medicine advisors. (n.d.). Diabetes Risk Factors. Retrieved from https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/diabetes/understand-your-risk-for-diabetes

American Diabetes Association. (n.d.). Community. Retrieved from https://www.diabetes.org/community

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). Diabetes- Who’s at Risk? Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/basics/risk-factors.html

HIM FPX 4610 Assessment 6 Health Topic Presentation

Children’s Diabetes Foundation. (n.d.). Diabetes Support Groups. Retrieved from https://www.childrensdiabetesfoundation.org/support-groups

Hanna, K. M., Juarez, B., Lenss, S. S., & Guthrie, D. (2003). Independent Decision Making in Diabetes Management Checklist. Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing.

Harvard Health Publishing. (2018). Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus. Retrieved from https://www.health.harvard.edu/a_to_z/type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-to-z

Harvard Health Publishing. (2018). Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Retrieved from https://www.health.harvard.edu/a_to_z/type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-to-z

Jacobson, A., & De. Groot, M. S. (2003). Diabetes Quality of Life. Family Process.

Johnson, S. B., Pollack, T., Silverstein, J. H., Rosenbloom, A. L., Spillar, R., McCallum, M., & Harkavy, J. (1991). General Information– Diabetes. Journal of Pediatric Psychology.

HIM FPX 4610 Assessment 6 Health Topic Presentation