MHA FPX 5020 Assessment 4 Data Analysis Project Report
Phillip May 14, 2024 No Comments

MHA FPX 5020 Assessment 4 Data Analysis Project Report

MHA FPX 5020 Assessment 4 Data Analysis Project Report

Name

Capella university

MHA-FPX 5020 Health Administration Capstone

Prof. Name

Date

Overview Synopsis

Statement of the Problem

Hospital Acquired Infections (HAIs) continue to pose significant risks to patient health and healthcare quality within the Northwell Hospitals System. These infections are linked to adverse outcomes such as extended hospital stays, preventable deaths, and increased healthcare costs (Monegro, Muppidi, & Regunath, 2020).

Factors Examined and Units of Measurement

Elements Examined

  • Underlying Health Conditions
  • Use of Antibiotics
  • Use of Invasive Medical Devices

Units of Measurement

  • Number of HAI Cases Reported
  • Mortality Rates
  • Ratio of Pressure Injuries Reported in Adults and Children

Summary of Literature Key Findings

  • Law et al. (2018): Found that statewide regulations using patient acuity tools to assign nurses were not effective in improving patient outcomes in Massachusetts.
  • COVID and CDC Team (2020): Indicated that underlying health conditions increase susceptibility to HAIs.
  • Peters et al. (2019): Reported that multiple antibiotic resistance significantly contributes to the risk of HAIs.
  • Haque et al. (2018): Noted a decline in HAIs across American hospitals, with hand washing identified as a cost-effective strategy.
  • Adams et al. (2018): Identified environmental contamination and prolonged colonization of clinical case patients as key factors in the spread of Candida Auris.

Presentation of Data

Graphic 1: Trends in Invasive Medical Devices Use at Northwell Hospital

  • Northwell Hospital has shown improvement in reducing HAIs caused by invasive medical devices.

Graphic 2: Nationwide HAI Reduction Strategies

  • U.S. hospitals have been effective in reducing HAIs associated with invasive medical devices, achieving a 91% reduction in Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infections.

Analysis of Data

Graphic 1:

  • Northwell Hospital’s performance is below the baseline in reducing HAIs caused by invasive medical devices.
  • Hospital management should strive to reduce HAIs to below 0.487.

Graphic 2:

  • Significant improvements have been made across U.S. healthcare facilities in mitigating Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infections.
  • Continuous efforts are necessary to address HAIs caused by antibiotic resistance and underlying health conditions.

Evidence-Based Recommendations

  • Strict adherence to hand hygiene practices.
  • Implementation of Antimicrobial Stewardship Programs (ASP).

Conclusion

Hospital Acquired Infections (HAIs) continue to challenge the quality of healthcare by extending hospital stays, increasing care costs, and contributing to preventable deaths. Key factors influencing HAIs include antibiotic resistance, patients’ underlying health conditions, and the use of invasive medical devices. While significant progress has been made in reducing HAIs associated with invasive devices, there remains a need to address other contributing factors. The findings of this study can inform future research on the effectiveness of regulatory policies in reducing HAIs.

References

Jackson, D., Sarki, A. M., Betteridge, R., & Brooke, J. (2019). Medical device-related pressure ulcers: A systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 92, 109-120.

Monegro, A. F., Muppidi, V., & Regunath, H. (2020). Hospital acquired infections. StatPearls [Internet].

Peters, L., Olson, L., Khu, D. T., Linnros, S., Le, N. K., Hanberger, H., & Larsson, M. (2019). Multiple antibiotic resistance as a risk factor for mortality and prolonged hospital stay: A cohort study among neonatal intensive care patients with hospital-acquired infections caused by gram-negative bacteria in Vietnam. PLoS One, 14(5), e0215666.

MHA FPX 5020 Assessment 4 Data Analysis Project Report

Law, A. C., Stevens, J. P., Hohmann, S., & Walkey, A. J. (2018). Patient outcomes after the introduction of statewide intensive care unit nurse staffing regulations. Critical Care Medicine, 46(10), 1563.

COVID, C., Team, R., & Ussery, E. (2020). Preliminary estimates of the prevalence of selected underlying health conditions among patients with coronavirus disease 2019—United States, February 12-March 28, 2020. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 69(13), 382.