MHA FPX 5028 Assessment 1 Executive Summary
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MHA FPX 5028 Assessment 1 Executive Summary

MHA FPX 5028 Assessment 1 Executive Summary

Name

Capella university

MHA-FPX 5028 Comparative Models of Global Health Systems

Prof. Name

Date

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION – WHO

The World Health Organization (WHO), established in 1948, remains steadfastly committed to promoting global health and safety for all individuals across the globe. With a primary objective of enhancing the health and well-being of people worldwide, WHO operates across six regions, comprising the African Region, Region of the Americas/Pan American Health Organization, Eastern Mediterranean Region, European Region, Western Pacific Region, and South East Asia Region. Facilitating its mission are over 8,000 professionals distributed among 150 country offices and other branches.

Funding for WHO primarily stems from membership dues, contributing approximately 20% of its budget, while the bulk comes from voluntary contributions from various entities such as United Nations organizations, intergovernmental organizations, philanthropic foundations, the private sector, and others. Emphasizing its strategic priorities, WHO aims to extend universal health coverage to an additional one billion people, enhance protection for one billion individuals from health emergencies, and improve the health and well-being of one billion more people, known as the TRIPLE BILLION PROJECT.

International Rescue Committee – IRC

Founded in 1933 by Albert Einstein, the International Rescue Committee (IRC) dedicates its efforts to aiding individuals affected by war-torn conflicts or natural disasters to rebuild their lives, often in new countries. Operating in 40 different countries and over 20 U.S. cities, IRC’s mission encompasses restoring health, safety, education, economic well-being, and empowerment to those in need.

Amidst the backdrop of global displacement, with approximately 82.4 million individuals displaced due to conflict, crisis, and persecution, IRC extends its support to refugees, internally displaced persons, and asylum seekers worldwide. Through its endeavors, IRC provides essential services including health access, nutrition treatments, clean water, cash relief, education opportunities, gender-based violence awareness, development support for small businesses, and assistance in citizenship acquisition.

Global Health Council – GHC

The Global Health Council (GHC) stands as a prominent membership organization uniting advocates, implementers, and stakeholders committed to advancing global health and wellness. Guided by its mission to leverage collective voices for informed investments and policies, GHC spearheads initiatives to address global health challenges.

In its advocacy efforts, GHC focuses on championing robust health policies and resources in both the U.S. and multilateral forums, mobilizing stakeholders across diverse sectors and regions, and channeling enthusiasm for global health to foster improvements worldwide. Key revenue sources for GHC are directed towards advancing policy and advocacy initiatives, engaging members, and supporting management and general operations.

Overview of Health Care Models

Healthcare systems worldwide exhibit diverse models, each with distinct structures, performance indicators, cost comparisons, advantages, and disadvantages. The National Health Care Model, typified by Canada’s system, emphasizes universal provision financed through general tax-based funding, while prioritizing performance indicators such as surgical readmission rates, restraint utilization, and alcohol-related hospitalizations.

Contrastingly, the Entrepreneurial Health Care Model prevalent in the United States emphasizes quality care, patient satisfaction, and enhanced accessibility, albeit at a higher cost primarily borne by insurance mechanisms. The Mandated Health Care Model, exemplified by Brazil’s system, offers free emergency care but faces challenges related to access, overcrowding, and disparities between healthcare facilities.

Key Performance Indicators

Key performance indicators (KPIs) serve as vital metrics to gauge the efficacy and quality of healthcare systems. In Canada’s National Health Care Model, KPIs include surgical readmission rates, restraint utilization, and alcohol-related hospitalizations, reflecting priorities in improving care delivery and patient outcomes. Similarly, the Entrepreneurial Health Care Model in the United States emphasizes quality care, accessibility, and mortality reduction due to preventable illnesses.

Conversely, Brazil’s Mandated Health Care Model faces challenges such as limited access to preventive care, overcrowding in emergency rooms, and disparities in healthcare distribution. Improvements in emergency services, reduced overcrowding, and enhanced equity between healthcare facilities represent critical KPIs for evaluating the effectiveness of Brazil’s healthcare system.

Conclusion

In conclusion, global health organizations such as WHO, IRC, and GHC play pivotal roles in addressing pressing health challenges worldwide. While diverse healthcare models offer unique strengths and weaknesses, synergizing elements from various systems holds promise for achieving universal access to quality healthcare. However, challenges such as financial constraints and disparities in healthcare provision underscore the need for concerted global efforts to prioritize health equity and well-being for all individuals.

References

Canadian Institute for Health Information. (2021, November 4). National Health Expenditure Data. Canadian Institute for Health Information. https://www.cihi.ca/en/national-healthexpendituretrends#:~:text=Total%20health%20spending%20in%20Canada,high%20of%2013.7%25%20i n%202020.

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. (2021). Historical. National Health Expenditure Data. https://www.cms.gov/Research-Statistics-Data-and-Systems/Statistics-Trends-andReports/NationalHealthExpendData/NationalHealthAccountsHistorical#:~:text=U.S.%20health %20care%20spending%20grew,For%20additional%20information%2C%20see%20below.

MHA FPX 5028 Assessment 1 Executive Summary

Global Health Council. (n.d.). Global Health Council. Global Health Council. https://globalhealth.org/

International Insurance. (n.d.). Healthcare Systems in Brazil – Sistema Único de Saúde. International Insurance.com. https://www.internationalinsurance.com/health/systems/brazil.php

International Rescue Committee. (n.d.). Who we are. International Rescue Committee. https://www.rescue.org/

MHA FPX 5028 Assessment 1 Executive Summary

Mendoza, J. (2021, September 10). Health in Brazil – Statistics & Facts. Statista. https://www.statista.com/topics/5030/health-in-brazil/#topicHeader__wrapper

NSW Government. (2016, May 19). Malaria Fact sheet. https://www.health.nsw.gov.au/Infectious/factsheets/Pages/malaria.aspx

World Health Organization. (n.d.) World Health Organization. WHO.int. https://www.who.int/about