NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1
Phillip September 17, 2023 No Comments

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 – Health Promotion Plan

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 –Health Promotion Plan

Student Name

Capella University

FPX4060 Practicing in the Community to Improve Population Health

Prof.

Date

Health Promotion Plan

Immunization is a crucial public health concern that serves as the primary focus of this health promotion plan. As an essential strategy for preventing various diseases, immunization effectively improves health outcomes, particularly for children. Childhood vaccinations are crucial in reducing the likelihood of multiple illnesses that may emerge during later stages of life. (Hussain et al., 2022. This plan aims to address critical barriers to completing the childhood immunization process. Specifically, it will target the knowledge gaps and attitudes of parents regarding the vaccination of their children. Parents need awareness about the significance of childhood vaccines to get unvaccinated or partially vaccinated children fully immunized.

By achieving this goal, it is expected that incidence rates of childhood diseases can be substantially reduced. Some assumptions and points of uncertainty underpin this health promotion plan. It is assumed that some parents may dismiss medical advice due to cultural beliefs or personal biases, which could impede the plan’s success. To account for this, culturally sensitive methods of information delivery will be adopted, and any unique concerns can be addressed individually. However, the plan’s overall effectiveness is contingent on parents’ and guardians’ willing participation and cooperation in the community (Burnett et al., 2020).

Significance of Immunization and Health Promotion Plan

The importance of a health concern or need, such as immunization, within a specific population is multifaceted and crucial in health promotion. Immunization is critical to controlling and preventing infectious diseases, significantly contributing to population health (Tan et al., 2022). Immunization programs play a significant role in reducing these gaps in the context of health disparities. Specific segments of the population, such as lower-income groups, racial and ethnic minorities, and underinsured or uninsured individuals, often have lower immunization rates, leading to higher incidences of vaccine-preventable diseases (Matta et al., 2020). Furthermore, the global concern surrounding access to immunization services remains a critical public health issue.

According to the World Health Organization’s report in 2019, an alarming figure of nearly 20 million infants across the globe still do not have access to vital vaccines (WHO, 2021).. This deficiency can be attributed to various factors, including socioeconomic status, geographical location, and the availability of healthcare facilities. In light of this, the implementation of a health promotion plan targeting immunization within a given population holds the potential to substantially enhance vaccine coverage, mitigate health inequalities, and enhance the overall health status of the community (Scobie et al., 2020) 

Health Promotion Plan

In our endeavor to foster health promotion among low-income minority families residing in Detroit, Michigan, a targeted and tailored approach to immunization emerges as a paramount need. The unique circumstances of this community, characterized by financial hardships and limited healthcare access, underscore the urgency of focused intervention. A similar case of a devoted single African-American mother in Detroit community, who tirelessly juggles multiple jobs to provide for her family. Her arduous work schedule and inadequate transportation options pose formidable obstacles in securing timely immunizations for her two children. This real-life scenario epitomizes the profound challenges faced by the community at large.

In light of these circumstances, our meticulously crafted health promotion strategy encompasses a series of four bi-weekly sessions. Each session, spanning 1.5 hours, is thoughtfully designed to address the multifaceted impediments experienced by these families comprehensively. These sessions will encompass a range of crucial topics, such as the significance of vaccines and their proper scheduling, dispelling prevalent myths, providing insights into accessing affordable healthcare resources, understanding potential side effects, and finding ways to overcome logistical barriers. To gauge the effectiveness of our efforts, we will employ pre- and post-session quizzes, foster group discussions, and facilitate practical exercises. We are committed to encouraging continuous feedback to tailor our content to the participant’s specific needs, ensuring the successful absorption of knowledge.

Participant Profile: Understanding the Diversity of Individuals Involved

The particular target audience for this health promotion initiative, which centers on immunization, encompasses low-income, minority families residing in Detroit, Michigan, USA. The primary focus of our health promotion strategy revolves around actively involving single African-American mothers who is an integral part of the local community and managing multiple employment responsibilities to support her families. These mothers hail from various household structures, ranging from single-parent setups to those with two parents. A shared experience among them is the presence of financial limitations and restricted access to healthcare services stemming from lower income levels and limited educational attainment. Overcoming these obstacles, their commitment to their families remains stubborn and unyielding.

Collaborative Health Objectives: Empowering Participants’ Wellness Goals

SMART goals developed along with the participants to address the immunization challenges are:

  1. By the end of the session, the participants will recognize the impact of their busy work schedules and limited transportation options on their children’s immunization rates (specific). They will identify at least three strategies (measurable) to coordinate immunization appointments effectively around their work schedules and overcome transportation barriers (realistic and attainable), all within the context of their unique challenges (time-bound).
  2. During the session, the participants will list three common misconceptions about vaccines (measurable) that might contribute to hesitancy in their community (specific). They will formulate concise responses (realistic and attainable) to address these myths when discussing immunizations with peers and family members, considering the need to tailor the messages to various educational levels (time-bound).
  3. By the end of the session, the attendees will be able to identify two local healthcare resources (measurable) that offer affordable immunization options for their children (specific). They will outline a practical plan (realistic and attainable) to utilize these resources, considering their financial constraints and scheduling challenges and ensuring their children’s timely vaccinations (time-bound).
  4. By the end of the session, the participants will create a personalized immunization calendar (specific) for their children, incorporating reminders and considering the particular hurdles they face (measurable). They will establish a support network (realistic and attainable) among themselves, leveraging community connections to help overcome logistical barriers and ensuring that all children receive necessary vaccinations on time (time-bound).

Conclusion

In conclusion, the health promotion plan focuses on the specific needs of low-income, minority families in Detroit, Michigan, primarily emphasizing immunizations. A comprehensive, community-oriented approach is proposed to address this population’s challenges in accessing healthcare. The plan aims to achieve specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART) goals, including increasing vaccination coverage, ensuring adults receive necessary immunizations, establishing accessible vaccination clinics, and raising awareness about the importance of immunizations. The successful execution of this plan could lead to healthier families, reduced disease spread, and a healthier community overall. Strategic investments in Immunisation campaigns and initiatives can help eliminate healthcare barriers and improve health outcomes for this marginalized population

References 

Burnett, E., Parashar, U. D., & Tate, J. E. (2020). Global impact of rotavirus vaccination on diarrhea hospitalizations and deaths among children <5 years old: 2006-2019. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 222(10). https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiaa081 

Hussain, A., Zahid, A., Malik, M., Ansari, M., Vaismoradi, M., Aslam, A., Hayat, K., Gajdács, M., & Jamshed, S. (2021). Assessment of parents’ perceptions of childhood immunization: A cross-sectional study from Pakistan. Children, 8(11), 1007. https://doi.org/10.3390/children8111007

Matta, P., El Mouallem, R., Akel, M., Hallit, S., & Fadous Khalife, M.-C. (2020). Parents’ knowledge, attitude and practice towards children’s vaccination in Lebanon: Role of the parent-physician communication. BMC Public Health, 20(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-09526-3

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 –Health Promotion Plan

Scobie, H. M., Edelstein, M., Nicol, E., Morice, A., Rahimi, N., MacDonald, N. E., Carolina Danovaro-Holliday, M., & Jawad, J. (2020). Improving the quality and use of immunization and surveillance data: Summary report of the working group of the strategic advisory group of experts on immunization. Vaccine, 38(46), 7183–7197. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2020.09.017A

Tan, S. H. X., Cook, A. R., Heng, D., Ong, B., Lye, D. C., & Tan, K. B. (2022). Effectiveness of BNT162b2 vaccine against omicron in children 5 to 11 Years of Age. New England Journal of Medicine, 387(6), 525–532. https://doi.org/10.1056/nejmoa2203209

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 1 –Health Promotion Plan

World Health Organization. (2021). Immunization coverage. World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/immunization-coverage