NURS FPX 6011 Assessment 2 Evidence-Based Population Health Improvement Plan
Phillip October 2, 2023 No Comments

NURS FPX 6011 Assessment 2 Evidence-Based Population Health Improvement Plan

NURS FPX 6011 Assessment 2 Evidence-Based Population Health Improvement Plan

Student Name

Capella University

NURS-FPX 6011 Evidence-Based Practice for Patient-Centered Care and Population Health

Prof. Name


The chosen health problem: heart disease

Heart disease refers to a range of conditions that affect the heart’s structure and function, leading to various cardiovascular problems. In the United States and around the world, it poses a serious health risk. Heart disease includes illnesses including heart attacks, heart failure, irregular heartbeats, and faulty heart valves. Chest discomfort, shortness of breath, dizziness, and irregular heartbeat are all possible side effects of these diseases. High blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, obesity, diabetes, and inactivity are all major contributors to the development of cardiovascular disease. A person’s vulnerability to heart disease might also be affected by their age, gender, and family history. 

  • In Highly developed societies, the influence of the natural environment is moderated by the physical characteristics of the social environment such as the built environment and pollution as well as by the socioeconomic status and social networks (Bhatnagar, 2017 & Bhatnagar et al., 2016). 
  • In highly developed societies, the influence of the natural environment is moderated by the physical characteristics of the social environments such as the built environment and pollution, as well as by socioeconomic status and social networks (Bhatnagar 2017; Bhatnagar et al., 2016).

NURS FPX 6011 Assessment 2 Evidence-Based Population Health Improvement Plan

  • In the United States, coronary heart disease is the leading cause of mortality each year, taking the lives of approximately 697,000 Americans.
  • The most common kind of heart disease, known as coronary heart disease (CHD), is responsible for the deaths of around 382,820 people per year.
  • About 805,000 people in the United States have heart attacks each year. There are 605,000 persons whose heart attacks are their very first, and there are 200,000 heart attacks that occur in those who have already experienced one.

Environmental and Epidemiological Determinants

  • These environmental and epidemiological issues are significant determinants the prevalence of heart diseases in USA population. 
  • The environmental factors such as quality of air, water, pollution and other environmental changes plays a significant role in determining the risk and prevalence of heart diseases. 
  • There are some environmental factors that have been linked to an increased risk of heart disease. Researchers have shown a correlation between a higher frequency of heart disease and factors such as air pollution, exposure to secondhand smoke, living in locations with limited access to green spaces, and the availability of healthy dietary options (Glovaci, et al., 2019).
  • Similarly,  epidemiological factors such as age, genders and socioeconomic status also plays a significant role in explaining how the prevalence of heart diseases is increasing. 
  • The development of heart disease is considerably aided by decisions made throughout life that are detrimental to one’s health. These include inactivity in physical activity, bad eating habits (including a high intake of saturated fats, cholesterol, and sodium), smoking, drinking too much alcohol, and being overweight or obese. Heart disease is more prevalent in regions that have greater prevalence rates of the aforementioned habits (White, 2020)


Ethical Health Improvement Plan

Promote Healthy Lifestyles (Sarrafzadegan, & Mohammmadifard, 2019): The objective is to create awareness and adopt  healthy lifestyle choices.

  • Outcomes:
  1. Increasing the levels of physical activity among community members while decreasing in smoking rates.
  2. Increasing in consumption of healthy diets (e.g., fruits, vegetables, whole grains) and decreasing the excessive alcohol consumption.
  • Strategies:
  1. Implementation of  community-wide educational campaigns on the importance of physical activity, healthy eating, and smoking cessation while, collaborating with local schools, workplaces, and community centers to provide opportunities for physical activity and promote healthy eating.
  2. Offering smoking cessation programs and resources to support individuals in quitting smoking and collaborating with local businesses and restaurants to increase access to healthy food options.

NURS FPX 6011 Assessment 2 Evidence-Based Population Health Improvement Plan

Create Supportive Environments:

Foster environments that promote heart-healthy behaviors.

  • Outcome Criteria:
  1. Increase in the availability of healthy food options in local stores and restaurants.
  2. Increasing the number of safe and accessible community spaces for physical activity.
  3. Significant decrease in exposure to secondhand smoke in public areas.
  • Strategies:
  1. Collaborating with local businesses to increase the availability of fresh fruits, vegetables, and whole grains in stores and encourage healthier food choices and working with local government and urban planning departments to design and maintain parks, walking trails, and bike lanes.
  2. Advocate for and support the implementation of smoke-free policies in public places and multi-unit housing.

Enhance Health Education and Awareness:

Increase knowledge and awareness of heart disease risk factors, prevention, and management.

  • Outcome Criteria:
  1. Percentage increase in heart disease awareness among community members.
  2. Percentage increase in the proportion of individuals who know their blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
  3. Percentage increase in the utilization of educational resources and programs related to heart health.
  • Strategies:
  1. Develop and distribute educational materials on heart disease prevention, early detection, and management.
  2. Organize community workshops, seminars, and health fairs to provide information and resources.
  3. Utilize digital platforms, social media, and community networks to disseminate heart health information.

Regular monitoring and evaluation of the above outcome criteria will help assess the effectiveness of the health improvement plan and identify areas for adjustment or further intervention. It’s important to engage community stakeholders, including healthcare providers, local organizations, and community members, throughout the planning and implementation process to ensure inclusivity and maximize the impact of the plan.

Communication Strategies 

  1. Understanding Community: Understanding the community, its culture and the linguistic diversity along with understanding their beliefs and traditions to communicate. 
  2. Culturally Sensitive Communication: Developing communications that is culturally sensitive and easily understandable language. Using simpler language, without jargons and technical phrases. To improve comprehension and interest, use visual aids like pictures and diagrams. Get the opinions of locals and cultural experts to make sure everything is just right (Tavakoly Sany, et al., 2020). 
  3. Two-way communication: developing two way communication between all the stakeholders and encourage and facilitate the two way communications to ensure that all the members feel hard and valued. 
  4. Promote exclusivity and inclusion: welcoming people from all cultures and involving all the stakeholder in the improvement plan can become more benefiting in spreading awareness. 


  • The plan was based on the evidence based practices to promote a quality of life, while tackling the diseases in a culturally and ethnically appropriate way to encourage better health outcomes. 
  • The health improvement plan is based on the information that allows to manage the disease in a proactive manner. 
  • The shared evidences are based on the scholarly articles that reveal recent trends of improvement in the heart disease management. 
  • Similarly, having efficient communication with culturally appropriate language while encouraging patients to have healthy lifestyle.