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NURS FPX 6618 Assessment 3 Disaster Plan With Guidelines for Implementation

NURS FPX 6618 Assessment 3 Disaster Plan With Guidelines for Implementation

Student Name

Capella University

NURS-FPX 6618 Leadership in Care Coordination

Prof. Name

Date

Care Coordination Needs

Disastrous situations can cause many challenges that can be overcome with proper care coordination planning. The challenges in disaster events are unmet healthcare needs, insufficient healthcare equipment, accessibility to healthcare, imbalance in workload, burnout, lack of resources, and shortage of healthcare providers (Yusefi et al., 2022). An example could be the recent pandemic of coronavirus where several countries faced challenges as they were not prepared (Yusefi et al., 2022).

The medical stores and hospitals were flooded as many people were unaware of the coronavirus. There was a catastrophic situation when millions of people died worldwide from this disease due to several challenges. If there had been a proper care coordination plan for disaster management like this, several lives could have been saved, and the whole situation would have been prevented from being chaotic. Some requirements that can be met during such a situation of epidemic or pandemic have an evacuation plan in place, making sure there are no issues with the equipment or systems, educating the community on the disease to prevent false alarms, gathering all the necessary resources, and keeping the caregivers ready and trained to work in such situations.

Elements of a Disaster Preparedness Project Plan

Any disaster can result in a chaotic situation that may cause communication, coordination, and collaboration challenges. Several needs of the people can go unmet, causing health complications and even fatalities. The critical elements of a disaster preparedness plan would be to foster efficient collaboration and communication. Enhanced communication and collaboration would help organizations recognize the crisis to highlight the problem’s urgency (Bly et al., 2021). This can help the response become more effective and flexible.

NURS FPX 6618 Assessment 3 Disaster Plan With Guidelines for Implementation

It can also help spread awareness regarding diseases such as coronavirus so that families can take precautionary measures. With a smooth flow of information, resources can be allocated, and progress can be shared and analyzed to make improvements. Tools must be implemented for risk assessment and sensitivity testing (Bly et al., 2021). Financial aid can be provided to individuals in need, and there must be appropriate infrastructure for all the systems to address the crisis.

Personnel & Material Resources in Emergencies

The necessary personnel and material resources needed in emergencies are:

  • Emergency shelters
  • Transportation services like ambulances and firefighter vehicles.
  • Hygiene-related resources
  • Ventilators
  • Power system
  • Oxygen sources
  • Medications
  • Water and food
  • Communication services like telephone or cell phones

All healthcare providers must collaborate to utilize these resources effectively. The disaster response team would need all these supplies to help the ones affected (Khan et al., 2018). The assumption made during this analysis was that all these resources would be readily available for the providers to deliver care. 

Standards & Best Practice

Ethics of patient confidentiality must be maintained when dealing with patients to minimize patient security risks. Patient information can be sensitive and put the patients in vulnerable positions if security is breached. For this, policies like HIPAA can be followed that only lets authorized users to access patient information and has a framework for ensuring patient safety (Bassan, 2020).

Healthcare providers must know how to provide ethically and culturally best care. Ethical frameworks like the crisis standards of care (CSCs) can be followed (Leider et al., 2017).  These standards ensure that all the practices being carried out must be transparent and consistent. Fair treatment should be provided to prevent any disparities among the patients. There can be challenges in following standards and ensuring a complete set of ethical practices. However, CSCs ensure accountability which allows protection and adherence to the standards.

Interagency & Inter-professional Relationships

Coordinated care requires effective collaboration not only among the professionals but also with the patients to provide a continuous communication system. Patients suffering from diseases of a pandemic or any other disaster can have better satisfaction and healthcare outcomes with coordinated care. During an emergency, practitioners from different fields can collaborate to meet public health needs and bridge the knowledge gaps (Mawardi et al., 2020). With collaboration, there is increased preparedness for disaster along with disaster risk assessment. Such relationships can improve protocols and emergency management plans (Mawardi et al., 2020). 

NURS FPX 6618 Assessment 3 Disaster Plan With Guidelines for Implementation

Organizations and agencies can also collaborate to help the public meet their needs. One such example is the Red Cross and Red Crescent Society which collaborate to help societies impacted by the disaster (IFRC, n.d.). They carry out an emergency needs assessment to help. These assessments let them assess the degree to which the disaster has impacted society and how the population can meet their needs.

Local, National, or International Regulatory Requirements

Several regulatory requirements are in place to aid disaster relief practices. There is a National Disaster Recovery Framework which is established in US. This policy strengthens a population’s economic, societal, environmental, and social factors (National Disaster Recovery Framework, n.d.). It aims to support the states, territories, jurisdictions, and tribes impacted by disasters. This policy can be successful with effective collaboration.

Other regulatory requirements are disaster management committees representing the groups at risk at the regional or community level (CBM, n.d.). The requirements in setting up these committees are that they should be gender balanced, hold regular meetings, have access to relevant data, and all members must be trained in disaster management.

Care Coordination Team

It is important to bring together a team of emergency recovery professionals and spread awareness of the care coordination fundamentals and how to adhere to them in an emergency. Workshops should held for the team member with drills and other scenario-based activities to improve the team’s skills. However, I will ensure that this care coordination team keeps their safety first and learn how to do that to help others.

The important aspects of the plan are to overcome the communication barriers by introducing tools like tablets or communication picture boards so the team member can communicate with any patient during an emergency which may cause the person not to speak properly (Patient-Provider Communication Network, n.d.). There will also be awareness of the regulatory standards and their importance in ensuring adherence. Disaster plans should be discussed during the training sessions with an assessment needs survey and implemented.

References

Bassan, S. (2020). Data privacy considerations for telehealth consumers amid COVID-19. Journal of Law and the Biosciences, 7(1). https://doi.org/10.1093/jlb/lsaa075

 Bly, J., Hugo Francescutti, L., & Weiss, D. (2021). Disaster management: A state-of-the-art review. Natural Hazards – Impacts, Adjustments, and Resilience. https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.94489

CBM. (n.d.). Disaster Management Committee | CBM i-DRR. https://idrr.cbm.org/en/card/disaster-management-committee

IFRC. (n.d.). Emergency needs assessments | IFRC. https://www.ifrc.org/our-work/disasters-climate-and-crises/supporting-local-humanitarian-action/emergency-needs

Khan, Y., O’Sullivan, T., Brown, A., Tracey, S., Gibson, J., Généreux, M., Henry, B., & Schwartz, B. (2018). Public health emergency preparedness: a framework to promote resilience. BMC Public Health, 18(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-6250-7

NURS FPX 6618 Assessment 3 Disaster Plan With Guidelines for Implementation

Leider, J. P., DeBruin, D., Reynolds, N., Koch, A., & Seaberg, J. (2017). Ethical guidance for disaster response, specifically around crisis standards of care: A systematic review. American Journal of Public Health, 107(9), e1–e9. https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2017.303882

Mawardi, F., Lestari, A. S., Randita, A. B. T., Kambey, D. R., & Prijambada, I. D. (2020). Strengthening primary health care: emergency and disaster preparedness in community with a multidisciplinary approach. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 15(6), 675–676. https://doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2020.143

National Disaster Recovery Framework. (n.d.). FEMA.gov. Retrieved October 12, 2022, from https://www.fema.gov/emergency-managers/national-preparedness/frameworks/recovery

Patient-Provider Communication Network. (n.d.). Patient-Provider Communication Network – Communication is the. . . Retrieved October 12, 2022, from https://www.patientprovidercommunication.org

Yusefi, A. R., Sharifi, M., Nasabi, N. S., Rezabeigi Davarani, E., & Bastani, P. (2022). Health human resources challenges during COVID-19 pandemic; evidence of a qualitative study in a developing country. PLOS ONE, 17(1), e0262887. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0262887