PHI FPX 2000 Assessment 3 Applied Critical Theory
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PHI FPX 2000 Assessment 3 Applied Critical Theory

PHI FPX 2000 Assessment 3 Applied Critical Theory

Name

Capella University

PHI FPX 2000 Ethics

Prof. Name

Date

Applied Critical Theory

Critical theory suggests that power and control systems uphold social inequality and injustice. This paper utilizes critical theory to analyze the ethical dilemmas arising from Rhonda, a transgender individual, requesting her colleagues to use her preferred pronouns. Subsequently, normative theory is employed to propose potential resolutions (Zaharin & Pallotta, 2022).

Primary Interests of the Stakeholders

Rhonda’s request initiates an ethical conflict involving stakeholders with conflicting interests. Rhonda seeks acknowledgment and respect for her gender identity, emphasizing the importance of using her preferred pronouns (she/her/hers) for self-expression and agency (Darby et al., 2020). Conversely, Phil, a colleague, opposes this change due to his beliefs and identity, which challenge his understanding of gender and personal values (Witt, 2021).

The stakeholders’ interests intersect through identity and beliefs; however, they are contradictory, as Phil’s refusal undermines Rhonda’s identity and agency, denying her the recognition and respect she deserves (Duthie, 2019).

Applications of Critical Theory to the Ethical Conflict

Critical theory, a social theory analyzing power structures and oppression, offers insights into the dynamics of the conflict. Hegemony, a fundamental concept, illuminates how societal norms surrounding gender identity shape the conflict, as Phil’s resistance reflects the enforcement of hegemonic norms (Holt, 2021).

Moreover, the intersectionality within the community is considered, recognizing that Rhonda’s experience is shaped by various factors such as race, class, and sexuality, influencing her encounters with oppression and marginalization (Amelina & Schäfer, 2020).

Ethical Conflicts

Queer theory, a critical theory challenging heteronormativity, provides a framework for analyzing the conflict. It highlights the clash between Rhonda’s assertion of her identity as a transgender woman and Phil’s adherence to heteronormative and binary views of gender, illustrating broader societal norms that limit individual agency and expression (Lee, 2019).

Queer theory also underscores how power relations and social structures influence individual experiences of gender and sexuality, as evidenced by Phil’s resistance reflecting the enforcement of societal norms (Ciszek et al., 2022).

Traditional Theory of Normative Ethics

Applying traditional normative ethics, virtue ethics suggests cultivating moral character traits. Resolving the conflict involves enforcing the use of Rhonda’s preferred pronouns, aligning with virtues such as compassion, kindness, and empathy (Guinebert, 2020). Deontological ethics further supports this resolution, emphasizing the moral duty to treat others with dignity and respect, irrespective of gender identity (Jalsenjak, 2019).

However, consequentialist ethics may pose a challenge, as Phil could argue that using Rhonda’s preferred pronouns might lead to confusion or discomfort, negatively impacting the committee’s work (Taggart & Zenor, 2022).

Conclusion

In conclusion, analyzing the ethical conflict through critical and normative theories reveals its complexities. Critical theory sheds light on power dynamics and societal norms, while normative ethics proposes resolutions aligned with virtues and moral duties. The scenario emphasizes the multifaceted nature of ethical conflicts, involving competing values and principles.

References

Amelina, A., & Schäfer, J. (2020). Intersectionality as critical social theory. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 43(8), 1–3. https://doi.org/10.1080/01419870.2019.1707252

Ciszek, E., Place, K., & Logan, N. (2022). Critical humanism for public relations: Harnessing the synergy of gender, race and sexuality research. Public Relations Review, 48(1), 102151. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pubrev.2022.102151

Darby, M., Bolland, K., Cervantes, A., & Hitter, T. (2020). Ethical considerations in group work with transgender/gender diverse clients. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 70(4), 579–598. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207284.2020.1787173

Duthie, K. (2019). Ethical considerations for health leaders responsible for the care of transgender patients. Healthcare Management Forum, 32(2), 113–115. https://doi.org/10.1177/0840470418817481

Elligott, R. (2019). Policy Advocacy: Transgender students in a public school setting. Digitalcommons.nl.edu. https://digitalcommons.nl.edu/diss/387/

Guinebert, S. (2020). How do moral theories stand to each other? Zeitschrift Für Ethik Und Moralphilosophie, 3(2), 279–299. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42048-020-00077-1

PHI FPX 2000 Assessment 3 Applied Critical Theory

Holt, M. (2021). Critical theory. Sexual Orientation Equality in Schools, 55–71. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-65143-5_4

Jalsenjak, B. (2019). Ethics and ethical theories. Encyclopedia of Sustainable Management, 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-02006-4_115-1

Lee, R. (2019). Queering lactation: Contributions of queer theory to lactation support for LGBTQIA2S+ individuals and families. Journal of Human Lactation, 35(2), 233–238. https://doi.org/10.1177/0890334419830992

Nagoshi, J., Nagoshi, C., & Pillai, V. (2022). Transgender theory revisited: Current applications to transgender issues. Current Opinion in Psychology, 49, 101546. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2022.101546

Regan, P., & Meyer, E. (2021). Queer theory and heteronormativity. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Education. https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780190264093.013.1387

Rivera, D., & Nadal, K. (2020). The intersection of queer theory and empirical methods. Imagining Queer Methods, 191–206. https://doi.org/10.18574/nyu/9781479808557.003.0012

Taggart, G., & Zenor, J. (2022). Evaluation as moral practice: The case of virtue ethics. Evaluation and Program Planning, 94, 102140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2022.102140

Witt, A. (2021). The use of preferred gender pronouns. Ethics & Medics, 46(2), 1–4. https://doi.org/10.5840/em20214623

Zaharin, A., & Pallotta, M. (2022). Reclaiming transgender identity through intersectionality and decoloniality: A critical autoethnography of an academic-activist performance. Journal of Intercultural Studies, 43(1), 98–119. https://doi.org/10.1080/07256868.2022.2012137

PHI FPX 2000 Assessment 3 Applied Critical Theory

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