PSY FPX 6020 Assessment 1 Bronfenbrenner's Theory on Development
Phillip April 21, 2024 No Comments

PSY FPX 6020 Assessment 1 Bronfenbrenner’s Theory on Development

PSY FPX 6020 Assessment 1 Bronfenbrenner’s Theory on Development


Capella university

PSY FPX 6020 Advocacy in Child and Adolescent Development

Prof. Name


What is Bronfenbrenner’s Theory?

Understanding the stages of child and adolescent development and their susceptibility to environmental influences is essential for developmental psychologists. This lecture delves into Bronfenbrenner’s theoretical framework, exploring its application in personal life, and examines the pressures and challenges faced by teenagers. Furthermore, strengths and weaknesses of Bronfenbrenner’s theory in understanding children and teenagers are discussed.

Bioecological Theory in Practice

Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological theory offers a lens to assess community resilience to natural disasters, prioritize interventions, and evaluate their outcomes (Boon et al., 2012). Boon et al. (2012) highlight the systematic examination of resilience concepts, emphasizing resilience as both a trait and a process. The theory aids in modeling and measuring resilience across various scales, supporting resilience studies (Boon et al., 2012). Shelton (2018) underscores the macro-level components of the ecosystem, emphasizing commonalities across settings within broader environments, described as “society” or “culture.” Additionally, a chronological system accounts for environmental changes in a child’s life, such as divorce or relocation without parents.

PSY FPX 6020 Assessment 1 Bronfenbrenner’s Theory on Development

Understanding Bronfenbrenner’s Theory

Bronfenbrenner’s theory posits that the learning environment comprises interconnected systems and sub-systems influencing adolescents’ development (Lau & Ng, 2014). The environmental subsystems include the microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, macrosystem, and chronosystem. The microsystem, emphasizing the individual’s lived experience, plays a pivotal role (Lau & Ng, 2014). Bronfenbrenner (1979) underscores that meaningful elements within the environment significantly impact individuals. Interactions between various environments, including those beyond the immediate family, shape a child’s development (Shelton, 2018).

Applications of Bronfenbrenner’s Theory Today

Bronfenbrenner’s theory finds relevance in understanding and addressing contemporary challenges faced by children and adolescents. Issues such as bullying, peer victimization, and the current pandemic significantly affect their lives. Psychologists employ Bronfenbrenner’s ecological theory to assess mental, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral health, particularly amidst crises (Eriksson et al., 2018). The COVID-19 pandemic exacerbates mental health concerns, affecting family dynamics and children’s well-being (Prime et al., 2020). Family systems theory highlights the interdependence of family members, where stresses on one member affect the entire family (Prime et al., 2020).


Bronfenbrenner’s theory offers insights into navigating contemporary challenges, such as the COVID-19 pandemic. The proximal processes emphasized by the theory, including changes in caregiver-child interactions, underscore its relevance. The pandemic’s multifaceted impact on families and children underscores the need for ecological perspectives in understanding and addressing these challenges.


Boon, H. J., Cottrell, A., King, D., Stevenson, R. B., & Millar, J. (2012). Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological theory for modeling community resilience to natural disasters. Natural Hazards, 60(2), 381-408.

Eriksson, M., Ghazinour, M., & Hammarstrom, A. (2018). Different Uses Of Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Theory In Public Mental Health Research: What Is Their Value For Guiding Public Mental Health Policy And Practice? Social Theory & Health, 414-433.

PSY FPX 6020 Assessment 1 Bronfenbrenner’s Theory on Development

Lau, J., & Ng, K. (2014). Conceptualizing the Counseling Training Environment Using Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Theory. International Journal for Advancement of Counseling, 36(4), 423-439.

Prime, H., Wade, M., & Brown, D. T. (2020). Risk and resilience in family well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic. American Psychologist, 75(5), 631-643.

Shelton, L. (2018). The Bronfenbrenner primer: A guide to develecology. ProQuest Ebook Central.