PSY FPX 6020 Assessment 4 Policy Examination: The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act
Phillip April 21, 2024 No Comments

PSY FPX 6020 Assessment 4 Policy Examination: The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act

PSY FPX 6020 Assessment 4 Policy Examination: The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act

Name

Capella university

PSY FPX 6020 Advocacy in Child and Adolescent Development

Prof. Name

Date

Policy Examination

We will be evaluating the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) today, covering various aspects such as its inception, target demographic, objectives, and impact on child development and society. Additionally, we will discuss its strengths, weaknesses, and proposed improvements.

Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act

The CAPTA, a significant federal legislation addressing child abuse and neglect, has undergone several modifications since its enactment in 1974 (Child Welfare Information Gateway, 2019). Originally known as CAPTA, it was renamed the Keeping Children and Families Safe Act (KCFSA) in 2003, signifying its evolving nature to adapt to emerging issues (Samuel, 2013). One of its key mandates is the provision of screenings and developmental evaluations for children aged three and under who are victims of abuse or neglect (Samuel, 2013). Moreover, the Act was amended in 2016 to address the impact of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, highlighting its responsiveness to contemporary challenges (Chasnoff et al., 2018).

Developmental Domains

Child abuse and neglect can profoundly affect all aspects of a child’s development, including social, emotional, physical, cognitive, and language domains. The repercussions of maltreatment can manifest in various ways, such as withdrawal, depression, or behavioral issues (Stoltzfus, 2009). CAPTA aims to mitigate these adverse effects by providing support and intervention programs for affected children, thereby promoting healthy development.

PSY FPX 6020 Assessment 4 Policy Examination: The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act

Direct or Indirect Influence

The influence of CAPTA on child development is direct and extensive, encompassing social, emotional, physical, and cognitive dimensions. Research indicates a significant increase in reported cases of child maltreatment over the years, underscoring the pervasive nature of the issue (Stoltzfus, 2009). Children exposed to abuse or neglect are at heightened risk of developmental delays and behavioral problems, emphasizing the urgent need for intervention and support (Stoltzfus, 2009).

Impact on Society

Overall, CAPTA has had a positive impact on families and society by providing resources for reporting and intervention. Community-based initiatives have proven effective in preventing child abuse and neglect, highlighting the importance of collaborative efforts in safeguarding children (Todahl et al., 2019).

Strengths and Weaknesses

CAPTA’s strengths lie in its government funding, focus on child welfare, and responsiveness to evolving challenges. However, challenges such as understaffing and parental involvement pose obstacles to effective implementation (Samuel, 2013). Additionally, funding constraints and bureaucratic hurdles impede the effectiveness of child protective services (CPS) (National et al., 2014).

Improvement

To enhance CAPTA’s effectiveness, there is a need for increased funding and personnel for CPS, along with greater advocacy and community involvement. Additionally, interventions should be expanded to include schools, ensuring comprehensive support for children at risk of abuse or neglect.

Conclusion

In conclusion, CAPTA has played a crucial role in addressing child abuse and neglect, although challenges remain in its implementation. By prioritizing the well-being of children and fostering collaboration between stakeholders, we can continue to improve policies and practices to create safer environments for our children.

References

Chasnoff, I. J., Barber, G., Brook, J., & Akin, B. A. (2018). The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act: Knowledge of Health Care and Legal Professionals. Child Welfare, 96(3), 41-58.

Child Welfare Information Gateway. (2019). About CAPTA: A legislative history.

National, R. C., Institute, O. M., Committee, O. L. A. J., Board, O. C. Y. A. F., & Committee, O. C. M. R. P. (2014). New directions in child abuse and neglect research.

Stoltzfus, E. (2009). The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA): Background, Programs, and Funding.

PSY FPX 6020 Assessment 4 Policy Examination: The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act

Samuel, D. (2013). Keeping Children and Families Safe Act of 2003 and the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Reauthorization Act of 2010: A policy analysis.

Todahl, J. L., Brown, T., Barkhurst, P., Maxey, V., & Simone, A. (2019). Pathways to Child Abuse Prevention: Seeking and Embedding Public Opinion. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.