PSY FPX 6020 Assessment 5 Applying Bronfenbrenner’s Theory
Phillip April 21, 2024 No Comments

PSY FPX 6020 Assessment 5 Applying Bronfenbrenner’s Theory

PSY FPX 6020 Assessment 5 Applying Bronfenbrenner’s Theory


Capella university

PSY FPX 6020 Advocacy in Child and Adolescent Development

Prof. Name



Bronfenbrenner formulated an ecological systems theory to provide a framework for understanding child development. The aim of this theory was to elucidate how an individual’s inherent characteristics and their environment interact to shape the child’s development. The ecological systems theory consists of five components, each offering insights into the diverse environments influencing children’s upbringing. These five ecological systems illustrate the interconnected environments impacting a child’s development. While each system influences the child differently, they collectively play a significant role in their development (Ashiabi & O’Neal, 2015). To gain a better understanding of ourselves, it is crucial to examine our lives through the lens of Bronfenbrenner’s ecological theory. Hence, this paper serves as a self-assessment.


The microsystem represents the immediate environment in which a child resides, encompassing the home, school, social groups, or community. Interactions within the microsystem, including relationships with family, peers, educators, and caregivers, significantly influence a child’s development. Positive social interactions within the microsystem foster a positive developmental trajectory, whereas negative interactions may lead to adverse outcomes. Personal interactions within the microsystem shape how individuals are treated and responded to. During my childhood, my microsystem primarily comprised my parents, as I was raised as an only child. Being the sole focus of attention, I developed close relationships with my parents and maternal grandmother. However, the lack of siblings led to occasional feelings of loneliness, contributing to my introverted nature. Despite this, the support and attention from my family instilled a sense of love and security. Academically, I excelled, benefiting from a supportive family environment.


The mesosystem elucidates the interconnectedness of various components within the microsystem and their influence on a child’s development. My introverted nature impacted my interactions within the mesosystem, particularly with teachers. I hesitated to seek help or clarification, affecting my academic performance to some extent. Additionally, I developed obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) at some point, adding another layer of complexity to my social interactions. Despite these challenges, my parents’ active involvement in my education positively influenced my academic achievements.


The exosystem comprises elements of the environment that indirectly influence a child’s development, such as parental workplaces and extended family. Both of my parents held stable careers, providing a comfortable lifestyle. Their involvement in my upbringing, coupled with supportive relationships with my mother’s coworkers, contributed to my social development. Moreover, their commitment to my education fostered a strong academic foundation.

PSY FPX 6020 Assessment 5 Applying Bronfenbrenner’s Theory


The macrosystem encompasses broader cultural factors, including socioeconomic status, ethnicity, and societal norms. My upbringing was influenced by my grandmother’s Christian values, emphasizing respect and self-awareness. Additionally, as an African American, I was encouraged to strive for excellence due to prevalent stereotypes. These cultural influences shaped my identity and work ethic.


The chronosystem encompasses major life events and historical occurrences that shape a child’s development over time. Witnessing the events of 9/11 and experiencing the loss of my paternal grandmother were significant events that impacted my worldview and emotional well-being. These experiences influenced my level of trust and emotional resilience.


Positive or negative development within the microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, macrosystem, and chronosystem depends on the quality of interactions between these environments. Healthy relationships between these systems are essential for fostering positive development in children. While my upbringing had its challenges, I am grateful for the love and support I received from my family and community.


Ashiabi, G. S., & O’Neal, K. K. (2015). Child Social Development in Context. SAGE Open5(2), 215824401559084. doi:10.1177/2158244015590840

Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Oswalt, A. (n.d.). Urie Bronfenbrenner And Child Development. In Retrieved from

PSY FPX 6020 Assessment 5 Applying Bronfenbrenner’s Theory