PSY FPX 6100 Assessment 4 Learning Theories
Phillip April 21, 2024 No Comments

PSY FPX 6100 Assessment 4 Learning Theories

PSY FPX 6100 Assessment 4 Learning Theories

Name

Capella university

PSY FPX 6100 Introduction to Educational Psychology

Prof. Name

Date

Learning Theories- “Modern”

Behaviorism

In behaviorism, the primary focus lies in the relationship between stimuli and responses. Learners are viewed as reactive entities shaped by environmental conditions. This theory posits that learners operate primarily on a surface level and lack the capacity for deeper processing.

Cognitivism

Cognitivism shifts the focus to intricate cognitive processes such as problem-solving, information processing, and critical thinking. It emphasizes understanding what learners know and how they acquired that knowledge. Learners are seen as capable of applying their knowledge across various contexts.

Constructivism

Constructivism centers on learners actively constructing meaning from their own experiences. According to this theory, learners must engage in firsthand experiences to truly comprehend and internalize concepts. Behavior is believed to be influenced by the unique interpretation of each situation.

Appropriate Instruction

Behaviorism

Instruction in behaviorism revolves around structured presentation and the reinforcement of proper responses through practice.

Cognitivism

Cognitivist instruction focuses on making knowledge meaningful and aligning with students’ existing mental frameworks. Strategies such as mapping and advanced organizers are employed to facilitate learning.

Constructivism

Constructivist instruction presents concepts from multiple perspectives, encourages reflective awareness, and emphasizes the active role of learners in the learning process.

Fundamental Elements

Guided Instruction

Constructivism

Guided instruction emphasizes learning in realistic settings with tasks relevant to the learning objectives. It promotes active engagement and practical application of skills, such as practicing interview skills to enhance proficiency.

Pros

Guided Instruction

Constructivism

Guided instruction in constructivism highlights the role of experiences in shaping learning. Learners interpret information based on their experiences and cultural context, fostering a deeper understanding of concepts.

Cons

Guided Instruction

Constructivism

A limitation of guided instruction in constructivism is the potential difficulty for learners to transfer knowledge beyond their personal interpretations. This may hinder the development of broader perspectives or applications.

(Own Thoughts)

PSY FPX 6100 Assessment 4 Learning Theories

References

Capella University. (Year). Guidelines for Effective PowerPoint Presentations.

Ertmer, P. A., & Newby, T. J. (2013). Behaviorism, cognitivism, constructivism: Comparing critical features from an instructional design perspective. Performance Improvement Quarterly, 26(2), 43–71.