PSY FPX 7230 Assessment 3 Teenage Pregnancy
Phillip April 22, 2024 No Comments

PSY FPX 7230 Assessment 3 Teenage Pregnancy

PSY FPX 7230 Assessment 3 Teenage Pregnancy

Name

Capella university

PSY FPX 7230 Adolescent Psychology

Prof. Name

Date

Teenage Pregnancy

Becoming a mother is a pivotal event in a woman’s life, marked by the acquisition of maternal abilities, appropriate behavior, and a solid maternal identity. Adequate preparation for this role is crucial for maternal adjustment and transition to adulthood. However, the rising prevalence of teenage pregnancy poses significant concerns globally (Mangeli et al., 2017).

Transitioning to motherhood necessitates physical, psychological, social, and cognitive readiness, areas where teenage mothers often lack preparation. Juggling maternal responsibilities with the developmental tasks of adolescence exacerbates the challenges they face. Moreover, socio-economic disadvantages further complicate their transition to motherhood (Mangeli et al., 2017).

Teen mothers encounter a myriad of challenges encompassing physical, psychological, social, and spiritual domains. These include the need for continuous support and training, limited decision-making skills, inadequate maternal abilities, and the risk of complications during pregnancy and birth (Mangeli et al., 2017).

Adolescent Pregnancy Complications

Adolescent pregnancy is associated with increased risks such as low birth weight, preterm birth, and infant mortality. While some attribute these outcomes to biological immaturity, others argue that socio-economic factors play a significant role (Restrepo-Méndez et al., 2011).

Furthermore, teenagers are more prone to requiring a cesarean section due to incomplete pelvic development, leading to longer recovery times and heightened risks of anemia, which in turn can affect birth outcomes and maternal mental health (Restrepo-Méndez et al., 2011).

Challenges of Adolescent Motherhood

The postpartum period poses additional challenges for adolescent mothers. Themes of feeling caught between two worlds, loneliness, and the disparity between expectations and reality underscore their experiences (Devito, 2010).

Causes of Teenage Pregnancy

Various factors contribute to adolescent pregnancy, including family structure, early sexual activity, personal goals, and experiences of sexual abuse. Adolescents in unstable family environments may seek intimacy outside the family, increasing their risk of pregnancy (Domenico & Jones, 2007).

Best Practices in Prevention

Effective sexuality education can delay sexual debut and dispel myths surrounding sexuality. However, programs need to engage youth in creating knowledge and addressing issues relevant to their lives rather than relying solely on imparting information (Boonstra, 2015).

Peer-led programs that incorporate environmental influences and emphasize the unacceptability of teenage pregnancy can empower adolescents to make healthier choices while enhancing their personal skills (Hendricks & Wood, 2017).

Conclusion

Teenage pregnancy presents multifaceted challenges that necessitate comprehensive approaches for prevention and support. Effective interventions should address socio-economic factors, provide holistic sexuality education, and empower adolescents to make informed choices regarding their sexual health (Mangeli et al., 2017).

References

Boonstra, D. (2015). Advancing sexuality education in developing countries: Evidence and implications. In J Ponzetti Jr (Ed). Evidence-based approaches to sexuality education: A global perspective. London: Routledge.

Chandra-Mouli, V., Lane, C., & Wong, S. (2015). What does not work in adolescent sexual and reproductive health: a review of evidence on interventions commonly accepted as best practices. Global Health: Science and Practice, 3(3), 333-340.

PSY FPX 7230 Assessment 3 Teenage Pregnancy

Dangal, G. (2006). An update on teenage pregnancy. Internet Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, 5(1).

Devito J. (2010). How adolescent mothers feel about becoming a parent. The Journal of Perinatal Education, 19(2), 25–34. doi:10.1624/105812410X495523

Domenico, D. M., & Jones, K. H. (2007). Adolescent pregnancy in America: Causes and responses. Journal for Vocational Special Needs Education, 30(1), 4-12.

Farber, N. (2003). Adolescent pregnancy: Policy and prevention services. New York: Springer.

Hendricks, F., & Wood, L. (2017). An alternative approach to a complex issue: Youth Designed strategies for the prevention of teenage pregnancy in schools. Perspectives in Education, 35(1), 40-53.

Mangeli, M., Rayyani, M., Cheraghi, M. A., & Tirgari, B. (2017). Exploring the challenges of adolescent mothers from their life experiences in the transition to motherhood: A qualitative study. Journal of Family & Reproductive Health, 11(3), 165–173.

PSY FPX 7230 Assessment 3 Teenage Pregnancy

Meade, C. S., & Ickovics, J. R. (2005). Systematic review of sexual risk among pregnant and mothering teens in the USA: Pregnancy as an opportunity for integrated prevention of STD and repeat pregnancy. Social Science & Medicine, 60, 661-678.

Restrepo-Méndez, M. C., Barros, A. J. D., Santos, I. S., Menezes, A. M. B., Matijasevich, A., Barros, F. C., & Victora, C. G. (2011). Childbearing during adolescence and offspring mortality: Findings from three population-based cohorts in southern Brazil. BMC Public Health, 11(1), 781-781. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-781

Taylor, D., & James, E. A. (2011). An evidence‐based guideline for unintended pregnancy prevention. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing, 40(6), 782-793.