PSY FPX 7310 Assessment 1 The Papez Circuit:It’s Effect on Behavior and Memory
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PSY FPX 7310 Assessment 1 The Papez Circuit:It’s Effect on Behavior and Memory

PSY FPX 7310 Assessment 1 The Papez Circuit:It’s Effect on Behavior and Memory

Name

Capella university

PSY FPX 7310 Biological Basis of Behavior

Prof. Name

Date

The Influence of the Papez Circuit on Behavior and Memory

Introduction

The human mind, with its intricate components, exerts a profound influence on various aspects of life. Within the realm of psychology, numerous facets of the brain provoke curiosity. How does the development or trauma to the human brain impact emotions and memory? According to the Papez circuit model (Heilman, 2002), key brain regions such as the fornix, mammillary bodies, anterior thalamic nucleus, cingulate cortex, and hippocampus play pivotal roles in regulating emotion and memory (Jacobson & Marcus, 2008).

The Neural Pathway of the Papez Circuit

Neurology examines the interactions between the nervous system and the brain. A neural pathway delineates the route through which messages and sensations traverse the nervous system, influencing various behaviors and phenomena (Mumenthaler & Mattle, 2006). Central to the Papez circuit is the hippocampus, situated deep within the temporal lobe. It orchestrates processes such as motivation, emotion, learning, and memory, thereby contributing to the limbic system’s function (Sinah Dutta WEBSITE, 2019).

PSY FPX 7310 Assessment 1 The Papez Circuit:It’s Effect on Behavior and Memory

The progression of emotions and sensations within this neural pathway is intricate. External stimuli, such as odors, sights, or sounds, are processed in the thalamus before being relayed to the sensory cortex. Subsequently, the cingulate cortex facilitates the development of feelings, leading to the crucial involvement of the hippocampus in the storage and formation of memories. Trauma, accidents, or developmental issues can disrupt this process, resulting in memory impairment (Dharani, 2015).

Effects of Papez Circuit Dysfunction

Various factors, including abuse, environmental influences, and genetic predispositions, can disrupt the normal functioning of the Papez circuit, leading to memory deficits and altered behaviors (Kileen, 2020). Lesions along this pathway often manifest as varying degrees of memory loss, with Alzheimer’s disease looming as a potential consequence (Dharani, 2015). Furthermore, alterations to the Papez circuit can induce changes in behavioral responses, such as increased aggression or introversion, reflecting the intricate interplay between brain structure and behavior (Jacobson & Marcus, 2008).

Conclusion

In summary, the Papez circuit exerts a significant influence on memory and behavior. Dysfunction within this neural pathway can result in memory impairment and altered emotional responses, underscoring the importance of understanding its mechanisms in neurological research.

References

Heilman, K. M. (2002). Matter of mind: A neurologist’s view of brain-behavior relationships. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Jacobson, S., & Marcus, E. (2008). Neuroanatomy for the neuroscientist. New York, NY: Springer.

Dharani, K. (2015). The biology of thought: A neuronal mechanism in the generation of thought—A new molecular model. San Diego, CA: Elsevier Academic Press.

PSY FPX 7310 Assessment 1 The Papez Circuit:It’s Effect on Behavior and Memory

Mumenthaler, M., & Mattle, H. (2006). Fundamentals of neurology. New York, NY: Thieme Stuttgart.

Kileen, S. Ed.S., NCSP. (January 30, 2020). Personal interview. Retrieved from WEBSITE

News Medical Life Sciences by Dr. Sanchari Sinha Dutta, PhD. Reviewed by Sally Robertson, B.Sc.