PSY FPX 7310 Assessment 2 The Drive States
Phillip April 22, 2024 No Comments

PSY FPX 7310 Assessment 2 The Drive States

PSY FPX 7310 Assessment 2 The Drive States

Name

Capella university

PSY FPX 7310 Biological Basis of Behavior

Prof. Name

Date

Understanding the Impact of the Papez Circuit on Behavior and Memory

Introduction

The human mind, with its intricate components, exerts a profound influence on various aspects of life. Within the realm of psychology, the interplay between brain development and external factors raises questions about the effects on emotions and memory. According to the Papez circuit model (Heilman, 2002), changes in the brain, whether due to development stages, external incidents, or lack thereof, can significantly impact human behavior and memory. Key components of this model, including the fornix, mammillary bodies, anterior thalamic nucleus, cingulate cortex, and hippocampus (Jacobson & Marcus, 2008), serve as crucial hubs through which emotions and memories traverse daily.

The Papez Circuit Neural Pathway

Neurology delves into the nervous system’s interactions with the brain, with neural pathways guiding the transmission of messages and sensations (Mumenthaler & Mattle, 2006). At the core of the Papez circuit lies the hippocampus, nestled deep within the temporal lobe. Responsible for regulating motivation, emotion, learning, and memory, the hippocampus plays a pivotal role in the limbic system (Sinah Dutta, 2019). Sensory stimuli, such as smells, visuals, or sounds, are processed in the thalamus before being relayed to the cingulate cortex, where emotions form. Subsequently, the hippocampus stores these experiences, shaping memories that can be influenced by various factors, including trauma or developmental abnormalities (Dharani, 2015). The body’s response to stimuli hinges on the integrity of this neural pathway, with disruptions potentially altering behavioral outcomes.

Impact on Behavior and Memory

Maintaining memories and managing behaviors rely on the integrity of the Papez circuit. Factors such as abuse, environmental influences, or genetic predispositions can disrupt this pathway, leading to memory deficits or emotional dysregulation (Kileen, 2020). Traumatic brain injuries, for instance, can impair hippocampal function, resulting in memory impairments. Likewise, genetic conditions like dementia may predispose individuals to memory issues independent of Papez circuit disruptions. Lesions along this pathway often herald memory loss, with Alzheimer’s disease frequently looming on the horizon (Dharani, 2015). Alterations to the Papez circuit can also manifest as changes in behavior, with patients exhibiting shifts in temperament or social tendencies (Jacobson & Marcus, 2008). These findings underscore the intricate link between the Papez circuit, behavior, and memory, with disruptions yielding varied outcomes.

PSY FPX 7310 Assessment 2 The Drive States

Conclusion

The Papez circuit stands as a crucial neural pathway governing behavior and memory. Its intricate network, spanning key brain regions, underscores its significance in shaping human cognition and emotional responses. Understanding the complexities of this circuitry unveils insights into neurological disorders and informs therapeutic interventions aimed at restoring cognitive function and emotional well-being.

References

Heilman, K. M. (2002). Matter of mind: A neurologist’s view of brain-behavior relationships. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Jacobson, S., & Marcus, E. (2008). Neuroanatomy for the neuroscientist. New York, NY: Springer.

Dharani, K. (2015). The biology of thought: A neuronal mechanism in the generation of thought—A new molecular model. San Diego, CA: Elsevier Academic Press.

PSY FPX 7310 Assessment 2 The Drive States

Mumenthaler, M., & Mattle, H. (2006). Fundamentals of neurology. New York, NY: Thieme Stuttgart.

Kileen, S. Ed.S., NCSP. (January 30, 2020). Personal interview.

Sinah Dutta, S. (2019). Hippocampus Functions. Retrieved from https://www.news-medical.net/health/Hippocampus-Functions.aspx#2