PSY FPX 7421 Assessment 2 Memory, Knowledge & Language
Phillip April 22, 2024 No Comments

PSY FPX 7421 Assessment 2 Memory, Knowledge & Language

PSY FPX 7421 Assessment 2 Memory, Knowledge & Language


Capella university

PSY FPX 7421 Cognitive/Affective Psychology

Prof. Name


Introduction to Memory

Memory is the cognitive process through which humans encode, store, and retrieve important information about past events or ideas. It enables us to recall experiences and influences our behaviors based on past occurrences.

Types of Memory

  1. Sensory Memory: This form of memory briefly stores sensory information, triggering responses based on past experiences. For instance, recognizing gum by taste alerts us not to swallow it.
  2. Short-term Memory: Information stored temporarily after an event or sensory input. For example, recounting a day at the waterpark to parents, which may fade quickly.
  3. Long-term Memory: Lasting impressions created by significant events, persisting even as minor details fade. Remembering childhood camping trips exemplifies long-term memory.

Introduction to Knowledge

Knowledge is the cognitive process by which humans acquire and apply new information in daily life. It involves understanding, processing, and utilizing information acquired through learning.

Introduction to Language

Language acquisition involves learning and comprehending words for everyday use. Language competence goes beyond acquisition to fluency and understanding of its nuances and origins. Cultural and individual variations influence linguistic competence.

Theoretical Background of Memory

Various theories, such as the Multi-Store Model and level of processing theory, have been proposed to explain memory comprehension and processing.

Theoretical Background of Knowledge

Epistemology, including Immanuel Kant’s perspectives, explores how humans acquire and apply knowledge. It involves understanding how information is processed and utilized in various contexts.

Theoretical Background of Language

The cognitive language acquisition theory suggests that humans are born with basic communication skills and develop language abilities through environmental interaction.

Cultural Aspect of Memory

Memory processes are universal, but cultural influences may shape memory formation and interpretation. Collective memory in some cultures emphasizes shared experiences.

Ethical Concerns of Memory

Ethical considerations in memory research involve respecting confidentiality and professionalism, especially when personal experiences may affect interactions with individuals sharing traumatic memories.

Ethical Concerns of Knowledge

Maintaining competence and updating knowledge are essential ethical responsibilities, ensuring effective service provision and avoiding potential harm to individuals due to outdated information.

Using Memory

Memory serves various purposes, including understanding past experiences, informing psychological counseling, and supporting cognitive abilities by recalling past information.

Using Knowledge

Applying knowledge is essential for personal growth, requiring an understanding of how information is acquired and applied effectively in different contexts.

Using Language

Understanding individual language preferences and communication styles is crucial for effective interpersonal interactions, as language influences perception and response.


Memory, knowledge, and language are fundamental aspects of human cognition, shaping our understanding of the world and guiding our behaviors. Recognizing their significance enhances our ability to support others effectively.


American Psychological Association. (2017). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct. Retrieved from

Baddeley, A., Eysenck, M. W., & Anderson, M. C. (2014). Memory. Psychology Press.

Camina, E., & Güell, F. (2017). The Neuroanatomical, Neurophysiological and Psychological Basis of Memory: Current Models and Their Origins. Frontiers in pharmacology, 8, 438.

PSY FPX 7421 Assessment 2 Memory, Knowledge & Language

Slavin, R. E. (2012). Educational psychology: Theory and practice (10th ed.). Pearson.

Sternberg, R. J., & Sternberg, K. (2012). Cognitive psychology (6th ed.). Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Talarico, J. M. & Rubin, D. C. (2003). Confidence, not consistency, characterizes flashbulb memories. Psychological Science, 14(5), 455–461.