PSY FPX 8840 Assessment 1 Theoretical Framework Essay
Phillip April 24, 2024 No Comments

PSY FPX 8840 Assessment 1 Theoretical Framework Essay

PSY FPX 8840 Assessment 1 Theoretical Framework Essay

Name

Capella university

PSY FPX 8840 Principles of Sport Psychology

Prof. Name

Date

Exploring the Theoretical Framework in Sport Psychology

Sport psychology delves into enhancing athlete performance and enriching human experiences through sports and exercise. Rather than solely focusing on performance improvement, sport psychologists view sports as avenues for personal development. Drawing from various theories, practitioners construct unique frameworks for their work and therapy. These theories may encompass social cognitive theory and information processing theory.

Social Cognitive Theory

Social cognitive theory underscores the social nature of learning, emphasizing reciprocal interactions among individuals, their environment, and behavior. Both internal and external social influences, alongside past experiences, shape learning processes. Athletes engage in reciprocal interactions with their behaviors and environments, impacting their skill acquisition and performance. Additionally, an athlete’s attributional style, influenced by social cognitive factors, can affect their perception of control and stability in performance.

Information Processing Theory

Contrary to mere stimulus-response associations, information processing theory highlights internal cognitive processes. It delineates memory systems—sensory, working, and long-term memory—that govern how individuals perceive, process, and retain information. Motivation, whether intrinsic or extrinsic, influences memory encoding and retention, thereby shaping learning outcomes.

Application and Case Study

Observing the application of social cognitive theory in collegiate cheerleading, a teammate’s academic struggles affecting her team participation were addressed. Initially attributing her challenges to external factors, such as class timing, she shifted her perspective upon witnessing similar environmental demands. This realization, coupled with intrinsic motivation and team support, facilitated academic improvement and subsequently enhanced cheerleading performance.

References

American Psychological Association. (n.d.). APA division 47: Society for sport, exercise and performance psychology. Retrieved from http://www.apadivisions.org/division47/index.aspx

Anshel, M. H. (2012). Sport psychology: From theory to practice (5th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Pearson Benjamin Cummings.

PSY FPX 8840 Assessment 1 Theoretical Framework Essay

Gamber, V., Hanson, K., Amdur, D., & Baumgartner, C. (n.d.). INTERACTIVE MEMORY MODEL. Retrieved from http://media.capella.edu/CourseMedia/PSY7421/media_memory/memory_wrapper.asp

Gillet, N., Vallerand, R. J., Amoura, S., & Baldes, B. (2010). Influence of coaches autonomy support on athletes motivation and sport performance: A test of the hierarchical model of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 11(2), 155–161. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2009.10.004.

LaMorte, W. (2018). The Social Cognitive Theory. Retrieved from http://sphweb.bumc.bu.edu/otlt/MPHModules/SB/BehavioralChangeTheories/BehavioralChangeTheories5.html

Pappas, C. (2014). Instructional design models and theories: Information processing theory. Retrieved from https://elearningindustry.com/information-processing-theory

PSY FPX 8840 Assessment 1 Theoretical Framework Essay

Rotter, J. B. (1966). Rotter’s internal-external control scale. PsycTESTS.

Schunk, D. H. (2016). Learning theories: An educational perspective (7th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.