PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 1 Cognitive-Behavioral Perspective – An Analysis
Phillip April 25, 2024 No Comments

PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 1 Cognitive-Behavioral Perspective – An Analysis

PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 1 Cognitive-Behavioral Perspective – An Analysis

Name

Capella university

PSYC FPX 3110 Abnormal Psychology

Prof. Name

Date

Cognitive-Behavioral Perspective in Psychology

The cognitive-behavioral perspective in psychology delves into the examination of mental processes influencing behavior. It explores the brain’s activity underlying specific behaviors. As articulated by Dr. Saul McLeod in 1970, understanding the processes occurring in individuals’ minds is pivotal in comprehending human behavior (McLeod, 1970). This paper aims to investigate the mental processes potentially contributing to abnormal aggressive behavior.

The Evolution of Cognitive-Behavioral Theory

The cognitive-behavioral theory gained prominence in the 1960s with the advent of the cognitive therapy movement. The origins of cognitive-behavioral therapy are multifaceted due to diverse approaches and controversies regarding appropriate techniques (Nurius & Macy, 2008). Since its inception, Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) has undergone significant refinement, becoming a cornerstone in therapeutic practices (Nurius & Macy, 2008). Grounded in the cognitive-behavioral perspective, this theory posits that brain functions significantly impact individual behavior, bridging cognitive psychology with behavioral outcomes.

Researchers have made substantial strides in understanding brain functions and their influence on behavior. Albert Bandura, a pioneer in the cognitive-behavioral perspective, highlighted the role of cognitive processes in learning (Hooley et al., 2021). Bandura proposed that individuals learn through internal reinforcements and envision the consequences of their actions (Hooley et al., 2021). Moreover, Bandura emphasized the enhancement of self-efficacy as a key mechanism in cognitive-behavioral therapies (Hooley et al., 2021).

Cognitive-Behavioral Approach to Anxiety

Anxiety, characterized by excessive worry and apprehension, is a prevalent public health concern (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2016). Despite its widespread impact, a considerable portion of individuals with anxiety receive no treatment (Zhang et al., 2019). Cognitive-behavioral therapy stands out as the most researched and effective psychosocial intervention for anxiety disorders (Zhang et al., 2019). Rooted in the notion that negative thinking patterns contribute to anxiety, CBT aims to identify and rectify maladaptive cognitive patterns (Kaczkurkin & Foa, 2015). By altering cognitive patterns, CBT facilitates a shift from negative emotions to positive responses.

Sociocultural View of Anxiety

An individual’s upbringing and societal context significantly influence their experience of anxiety. Research indicates that anxiety transcends cultural boundaries, albeit with variations in expression (Eshun et al., 2009). Societal norms and cultural values shape individuals’ interpretations of experiences and subsequent emotional responses (Hofmann et al., 2010). Understanding ethnopsychological factors is crucial in linking anxiety disorders to their societal roots.

Integrating Multiple Theories to Understand Abnormal Behavior

Abnormal behavior defies simplistic explanations and often necessitates a multidimensional approach. In addition to cognitive-behavioral theory, various theoretical frameworks such as psychoanalysis, humanistic theory, and biological perspectives offer unique insights into abnormal behavior. Integrating diverse theories facilitates a comprehensive understanding, although overly complex approaches may impede effective treatment.

Conclusion

In conclusion, cognitive processes intricately shape human behavior, offering avenues for intervention in addressing abnormal behavior. Cognitive-behavioral therapy, grounded in understanding the interplay between cognition and behavior, serves as a potent tool in treating various mental health disorders, particularly anxiety. By challenging maladaptive cognitive patterns, individuals can cultivate resilience and positive responses to life’s challenges.

References

Carpenter, J. K., Andrews, L. A., Witcraft, S. M., Powers, M. B., Smits, J. A. J., & Hofmann, S. G. (2018). Cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety and related disorders: A meta-analysis of randomized placebo-controlled trials. Depression and Anxiety, 35(6), 502–514. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.22728

Cuijpers, P., Berking, M., Andersson, G., Quigley, L., Kleiboer, A., & Dobson, K. S. (2013). A meta-analysis of cognitive-behavioural therapy for adult depression, alone and in comparison with other treatments. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 58(7), 376-385. https://doi.org/10.1177/070674371305800702

PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 1 Cognitive-Behavioral Perspective – An Analysis

Eshun, S., Gurung, R. A. R., & Gurung, B. V. (Eds.). (2009). Culture and mental health: Sociocultural influences, theory, and practice. John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated.

Hofmann, S. G., Asnaani, M. A., & Hinton, D. E. (2010). Cultural aspects in social anxiety and social anxiety disorder. Depression and Anxiety, 27(12), 1117–1127. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.20759

Kaczkurkin, A. N., & Foa, E. B. (2015, September). Cognitive-behavioral therapy for anxiety disorders: An update on the empirical evidence. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4610618/

Watts, S. E., Turnell, A., Kladnitski, N., Newby, J. M., & Andrews, G. (2015). Treatment-as-usual (TAU) is anything but usual: A meta-analysis of CBT versus TAU for anxiety and depression. Journal of Affective Disorders, 175, 152–167.

PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 1 Cognitive-Behavioral Perspective – An Analysis

Zhang, A., Bornheimer, L. A., Weaver, A., Franklin, C., Hai, A. H., Guz, S., & Shen, L. (2019). Cognitive-behavioral therapy for primary care depression and anxiety: A secondary meta-analytic review using robust variance estimation in meta-regression. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 42(6), 1117–1141. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-019-00046-z