PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 2 Diagnosing Using the DSM
Phillip April 25, 2024 No Comments

PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 2 Diagnosing Using the DSM

PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 2 Diagnosing Using the DS

Name

Capella university

PSYC FPX 3110 Abnormal Psychology

Prof. Name

Date

Case Study Analysis: Major Depressive Disorder in Jenny

Jenny, a 35-year-old single woman, presented with symptoms indicative of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), as per the DSM-5 criteria. According to the DSM-5, individuals must exhibit at least 5 out of 9 specific symptoms over a continuous 2-week period to be diagnosed with MDD (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).

Jenny’s symptoms, including insomnia, fatigue, loss of interest in previously enjoyable activities, significant weight loss, and difficulty concentrating, align with the diagnostic criteria for MDD (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Additionally, there were no physiological or medical explanations for her symptoms, leading to the appropriate diagnosis of MDD.

Case Study Analysis: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Fred

Fred, a single man, has been experiencing daily panic attacks following a traumatic event of being robbed at gunpoint. His symptoms, including intrusive memories, avoidance of triggering stimuli, detachment from others, hypervigilance, and reckless behavior, correspond to the criteria outlined in the DSM-5 for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).

Fred’s avoidance of public transportation and reckless biking behavior demonstrate marked alterations in arousal and reactivity, which are characteristic of PTSD (Neil Greenberg et al., 2015). The absence of physiological or substance-related explanations for his symptoms supports the diagnosis of PTSD.

Case Study Analysis: Bipolar I Disorder in Sally

Sally, a 23-year-old woman, exhibits symptoms consistent with Bipolar I Disorder, characterized by distinct manic episodes. Sally’s inflated self-esteem, decreased need for sleep, and engagement in high-risk activities align with the criteria for a manic episode as outlined in the DSM-5 (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).

Sally’s symptoms, such as her excessive writing, impulsive vehicle purchase, and delusions of grandeur regarding her novel, indicate significant impairment in social and occupational functioning, supporting the diagnosis of Bipolar I Disorder. No physiological or substance-related factors contribute to her symptoms, reinforcing the diagnosis.

Treatment Recommendations for Fred: Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and Interpersonal Psychotherapy

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT) are recommended treatments for Fred’s PTSD. CBT aims to address trauma-related thoughts and behaviors over a 12-week course, helping individuals develop coping strategies and reframe traumatic experiences (Fortin et al., 2021). IPT focuses on improving interpersonal relationships and addressing current stressors (Bleiberg & Markowitz, 2019).

Both CBT and IPT have shown efficacy in treating PTSD symptoms and improving overall functioning (Mayranezouli et al., 2020). By addressing Fred’s avoidance behaviors and interpersonal difficulties, these therapies can help alleviate his symptoms and enhance his quality of life.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the case studies illustrate the importance of accurate diagnosis and tailored treatment approaches in addressing mental health disorders. By utilizing the DSM-5 criteria and evidence-based interventions such as CBT and IPT, clinicians can effectively support individuals like Jenny, Fred, and Sally in managing their symptoms and improving their well-being.

References:

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596.dsm03

Bleiberg, K. L., & Markowitz, J. C. (2019). Interpersonal psychotherapy for PTSD: Treating trauma without exposure. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 29(1), 15–22. https://doi.org/10.1037/int0000113

PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 2 Diagnosing Using the DS

Fortin, M., Fortin, C., Savard-Kelly, P., Guay, S., & El-Baalbaki, G. (2021). The effects of psychotherapies for posttraumatic stress disorder on quality of life in the civilian population: A meta-analysis of RCTs. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 13(6), 673–683. https://doi.org/10.1037/tra0000992

Mayranezouli, I., Megnin-Viggars, O., Daly, C., Dias, S., Welton, N. J., Stockton, S., Bhutani, G., Grey, N., Leach, J., Greenberg, N., Katona, C., El-Leithy, S., & Pilling, S. (2020). Psychological treatments for post-traumatic stress disorder in adults: A network meta-analysis. Psychological Medicine, 50(4), 542–555. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291720000070

PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 2 Diagnosing Using the DS

Neil Greenberg, Samantha Brooks, Rebecca Dunn. (2015). Latest developments in post-traumatic stress disorder: diagnosis and treatment. British Medical Bulletin, Volume 114, Issue 1, June, 147-155. https://doi.org/10.1093/bmb/ldv014