PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 3 Living Criteria of the DSM
Phillip April 25, 2024 No Comments

PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 3 Living Criteria of the DSM

PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 3 Living Criteria of the DSM

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Capella university

PSYC FPX 3110 Abnormal Psychology

Prof. Name

Date

Living Criteria of Bipolar Disorder in the DSM-5

Bipolar disorder, a complex mood disorder characterized by alternating episodes of mania and depression, is classified within the DSM-5 by the American Psychiatric Association (APA, 2013). McIntyre and Calabrese (2019) describe bipolar disorder as involving a spectrum of mood changes, encompassing manic, depressive, and hypomanic episodes. Bipolar disorder is classified into two main types: bipolar I disorder, characterized by severe manic episodes often accompanied by psychotic features, and bipolar II disorder, which involves at least one hypomanic episode and recurrent depressive episodes (APA, 2013).

Diagnosis of Bipolar Disorder

The diagnosis of bipolar disorder relies on differentiating manic or hypomanic episodes from other mood disorders, such as Major Depressive Disorder (APA, 2013). Manic episodes typically last for weeks to months, while hypomanic episodes are shorter, lasting only a few days to weeks and are indicative of bipolar II disorder. Although depression is a hallmark of bipolar II disorder, it is also present in bipolar I disorder (McCormick et al., 2015). Differential diagnosis often involves the use of screening tools followed by clinical interviews to assess symptomatology, functional impairment, and family history (McCormick et al., 2015).

Effects of Bipolar Disorder on Mariah Carey’s Career

Mariah Carey, a renowned singer, disclosed her struggle with bipolar II disorder in 2001, citing fear of stigma as a barrier to seeking help (Cagle, 2018). Despite her talent and success, bipolar disorder affected Carey’s career through symptoms like insomnia, irritability, and depression, leading to difficulties in completing work and strained relationships (Cagle, 2018).

PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 3 Living Criteria of the DSM

Treatment of Bipolar Disorder

Treatment modalities for bipolar disorder include pharmacotherapy, psychosocial interventions, and support from family and friends. Pharmacotherapy involves mood stabilizers like Sodium valproate and lamotrigine to manage symptoms and prevent relapse (Vieta et al., 2018). Psychosocial treatments, including psychotherapy and group therapy, provide education and support to patients, aiding in medication adherence and symptom management (Vieta et al., 2018). Family and social support are crucial in promoting stability and recovery for individuals with bipolar disorder.

Professional Considerations in Bipolar Disorder Diagnosis and Treatment

Understanding the complexities of bipolar disorder and its differential diagnosis is vital for mental health professionals. Misdiagnosis can lead to inappropriate treatment and exacerbation of symptoms (Hooley, Butcher, & Nock, 2019). Incorporating various therapeutic approaches, including cognitive-behavioral and psychopharmacological interventions, tailored to individual needs is essential for successful outcomes (Hooley, Butcher, & Nock, 2019).

Conclusion

Bipolar disorder poses significant challenges for individuals like Mariah Carey, highlighting the importance of early diagnosis and comprehensive treatment approaches. By addressing stigma, providing effective interventions, and fostering support systems, individuals with bipolar disorder can lead fulfilling lives. Understanding the nuances of bipolar disorder is crucial for mental health professionals to provide optimal care and support.

References

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC.

Cagle, J. (2018). Mariah Carey: My Battle with Bipolar Disorder. People.com. Retrieved from https://people.com/music/mariah-carey-bipolar-disorder-diagnosis-exclusive/

PSYC FPX 3110 Assessment 3 Living Criteria of the DSM

Hooley, J. M., Butcher, J. N., & Nock, M. K. (2019). Abnormal psychology (18th ed.). Pearson.

McCormick, U., Murray, B., & McNew, B. (2015). Diagnosis and treatment of patients with bipolar disorder: A review for advanced practice nurses. Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners, 27(9), 530-542.

McIntyre, R. S., & Calabrese, J. R. (2019). Bipolar Depression: The clinical characteristics and unmet needs of a complex disorder. Current Medical Research and Opinion, 35(11), 1993-2005. Retrieved from https://tandonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03007995.2019.1636017

Vieta, E., et al. (2018). Early Intervention in Bipolar Disorder. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 175(5), 411-426.