PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 3 How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior
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PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 3 How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 3 How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior


Capella University

PSYC FPX 4100 History and Modern Systems of Psychology

Prof. Name


How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior

Psychological theories and perspectives have significantly influenced various professional fields, including healthcare, education, and business (Adams et al., 2019). Understanding the implications of major schools of psychological thought on professional behavior is essential for practitioners to deliver effective and evidence-based services. This report explores the influence of cognitive psychology, a major school of psychological thought, on professional behavior, particularly in nursing. It examines the pivotal events shaping cognitive psychology, its interaction with other schools of thought, and the cultural factors influencing its development. Furthermore, it delves into how knowledge derived from cognitive psychology informs professional behavior in nursing, offering practical applications.

Events Affecting the Development of School Thought

The Cognitive Revolution (1950s-1960s):

This era witnessed a pivotal shift in psychology from behaviorism to cognitive psychology, marked by the emergence of novel methodologies for studying mental processes (Mandal, 2021). The Cognitive Revolution laid the groundwork for cognitive psychology as a distinct school of thought, emphasizing the significance of investigating mental processes in understanding human behavior.

Information Processing Theory (1960s-1970s):

Proposing an analogy between the human mind and a computer, this theory conceptualized mental processes such as perception and memory as forms of information processing (Sayood, 2018). It provided a framework for examining mental processes and their influence on behavior.

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (1960s-present):

Integrating cognitive psychology and behaviorism, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) aims to modify negative thoughts and behaviors to enhance mental health (American Psychological Association, 2017). Widely applied in treating various mental disorders, CBT has significantly impacted psychology.

Neuroscience and Cognitive Psychology (1990s-present):

Advancements in technologies like functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have facilitated the study of the brain’s role in cognitive processes, fostering a deeper understanding of cognitive psychology (Loued-Khenissi et al., 2018).

Impact of Other Schools of Thought


Predominant before the rise of cognitive psychology, behaviorism prioritized the study of observable behavior over mental processes (Bordens & Horowitz, 2018). While influencing early cognitive psychology, it ultimately spurred its development by highlighting its limitations.

Gestalt Psychology:

Emphasizing perception and the organization of sensory information, Gestalt psychology influenced cognitive psychology by stressing the study of mental processes such as perception and attention (Çeliköz et al., 2019).

Humanistic Psychology:

Focused on subjective experience and personal growth, humanistic psychology has indirectly impacted cognitive psychology by influencing counseling and psychotherapy practices, including cognitive-behavioral therapy (Seligman, 2019).

Evolutionary Psychology:

Highlighting the role of evolutionary processes in shaping behavior and mental processes, evolutionary psychology offers insights into cognitive psychology and social cognition (Badcock et al., 2019).

Impact of Other Cultures

Western Culture:

Cognitive psychology in the Western context reflects cultural values such as individualism and rational thinking (Scott, 2020). While beneficial, it has been critiqued for potentially overlooking the impact of social and cultural factors on human behavior.

Eastern Culture:

Eastern practices like mindfulness meditation have influenced cognitive-behavioral therapy, aligning with cognitive psychology principles (Hazlett-Stevens et al., 2018).


Recognizing the diversity of human experiences, multiculturalism emphasizes the importance of considering cultural factors in understanding cognition and providing culturally sensitive care (Adams et al., 2019).

Knowledge of Cognitive Psychology and Professional Behavior

Understanding cognitive processes enables nurses to recognize cognitive biases and strive for objectivity in patient care (Narayan, 2019). Additionally, cognitive-behavioral interventions informed by cognitive psychology principles aid in managing mental health conditions (Youn & Marques, 2021).

Integrating cultural factors into patient care ensures culturally sensitive practices, acknowledging the influence of cultural beliefs on cognition (Adams et al., 2019).

Applying cognitive psychology in health education enhances the effectiveness of interventions by catering to individual learning styles and needs (Schmidt & Mamede, 2020).


Awareness of major schools of psychological thought, particularly cognitive psychology, informs professional behavior in various fields. By understanding cognitive processes, integrating cultural factors, and applying cognitive-behavioral interventions, practitioners can enhance patient outcomes and provide individualized care. Acknowledging the significance of psychological perspectives enriches professional practice and facilitates the delivery of high-quality services.


Adams, G., Estrada-Villalta, S., Sullivan, D., & Markus, H. R. (2019). The Psychology of neoliberalism and the neoliberalism of psychology. Journal of Social Issues, 75(1).

American Psychological Association. (2017). What is cognitive behavioral therapy? American Psychological Association.

Badcock, P. B., Friston, K. J., Ramstead, M. J. D., Ploeger, A., & Hohwy, J. (2019). The hierarchically mechanistic mind: An evolutionary systems theory of the human brain, cognition, and behavior. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 19(6), 1319–1351.

Bordens, K. S., & Horowitz, I. A. (2018). Social psychology. Psychology Press.

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 3 How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior

Çeliköz, N., Erişen, Y., & Şahin, M. (2019). Cognitive learning theories with emphasis on latent learning, gestalt and information processing theories. Journal of Educational and Instructional Studies in the World, 9(3).

Hazlett-Stevens, H., Singer, J., & Chong, A. (2018). Mindfulness-based stress reduction and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy with older adults: A qualitative review of randomized controlled outcome research. Clinical Gerontologist, 42(4).

Loued-Khenissi, L., Döll, O., & Preuschoff, K. (2018). An overview of functional magnetic resonance imaging techniques for organizational research. Organizational Research Methods, 22(1), 17–45.

Mandal, S. (2021). The Cognitive Revolution. Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science, 1(1), 1167–1177.

Narayan, M. C. (2019). Addressing implicit bias in nursing: A review. AJN, American Journal of Nursing, 119(7), 36–43.

Sayood, K. (2018). Information theory and cognition: A review. Entropy, 20(9), 706.

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 3 How Major Psychological Thought Informs Professional Behavior

Schmidt, H. G., & Mamede, S. (2020). How cognitive psychology changed the face of medical education research. Advances in Health Sciences Education, 25(5), 1025–1043.

Scott, N. (2020). Cognitive psychology and tourism – surfing the “cognitive wave”: A perspective article. Tourism Review, 75(1), 49–51.

Seligman, M. E. P. (2019). Positive psychology: A personal history. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 15(1), 1–23.

Youn, S. J., & Marques, L. (2021). Cognitive-behavioral strategies to manage anxiety. Psychiatric Annals, 51(5), 207–208.

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