PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 4 History and Influence of the New School of Thought
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PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 4 History and Influence of the New School of Thought

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 4 History and Influence of the New School of Thought


Capella University

PSYC FPX 4100 History and Modern Systems of Psychology

Prof. Name


History and Influence of Feminist Psychology

The domain of psychology encompasses various schools of thought that offer insights into human intelligence, behavior, culture, and social interactions. One significant modern school of thought is feminist psychology, which emerged in the 1960s and 1970s as part of the broader feminist movement. This paper explores the historical development and impact of feminist psychology.

Founding Figures, Events, and Ideas

Feminist psychology arose from the efforts of influential figures such as Jean Baker Miller, Nancy Chodorow, Carol Gilligan, Sandra Bem, and Mary Belenky. Their work aimed to address the marginalization and oppression of women within psychology and society at large (Wypych, 2022).

Key events in the development of feminist psychology include the publication of Betty Friedan’s “The Feminine Mystique” in 1963, which catalyzed the feminist movement in the United States. Subsequently, the formation of the Association for Women in Psychology (AWP) in 1973 provided a platform for feminist psychologists to collaborate and advance their research (Borzoueian & Motesaddei, 2021).

Central ideas of feminist psychology challenge the notion of gender as a biological determinant, emphasizing instead its construction as a societal norm. Feminist psychologists argue that traditional psychological theories often overlook or misunderstand women’s experiences, leading to biased approaches to therapy and research. They advocate for a more inclusive understanding of gender and emphasize the importance of addressing prejudice and oppression in promoting psychological well-being (Borzoueian & Motesaddei, 2021).

Innovative Theories and Approaches

Feminist psychologists have developed innovative theories and methodologies to better understand the experiences of women and marginalized groups. Examples include relational-cultural therapy, which highlights the significance of relationships for mental health, and novel approaches to studying gender and power dynamics in interpersonal relationships (Borzoueian & Motesaddei, 2021).

Historical and Societal Influences

The establishment of feminist psychology was influenced by historical factors such as the women’s rights movement and second-wave feminism. These movements created a platform for women to voice their experiences and challenge societal norms, ultimately shaping the development of feminist psychology (DeBlaere et al., 2019).

The social and cultural changes of the 1960s and 1970s, including the counterculture movement, also played a significant role in shaping feminist psychology. These changes prompted feminist psychologists to critique traditional psychological paradigms and advocate for more inclusive and equitable approaches (Medina et al., 2020).

Guiding Social Thinking

Feminist psychology challenges traditional gender roles and stereotypes, encouraging critical reflection on how these constructs influence individuals’ lives. By emphasizing intersectionality—the interconnectedness of various forms of oppression—feminist psychology promotes a broader understanding of social disparities and their impact on psychological well-being (McCormick-Huhn et al., 2019).

Furthermore, feminist psychology advocates for social and ethical action to address systemic inequalities and promote gender equity. By challenging outdated ideologies and promoting inclusive practices, feminist psychology contributes to the creation of a more just and equitable society (Churchwell et al., 2020).


In conclusion, feminist psychology has emerged as a crucial framework for understanding and addressing issues of gender inequality and oppression. Through its emphasis on inclusivity, social justice, and ethical action, feminist psychology continues to guide social thinking and promote positive change in both psychological research and societal practices.


Borzoueian, M., & Motesaddei, F. (2021). Explaining female identity in the short story “lenge be lengeha” based on Karen Horney’s theory. Fiction Studies, 7(1), 69–86.

Churchwell, K., Elkind, M. S. V., Benjamin, R. M., Carson, A. P., Chang, E. K., Lawrence, W., … Williams, O. (2020). Call to action: Structural racism as a fundamental driver of health disparities: A presidential advisory from the American Heart Association. Circulation, 142(24).

DeBlaere, C., Singh, A. A., Wilcox, M. M., Cokley, K. O., Delgado-Romero, E. A., Scalise, D. A., & Shawahin, L. (2019). Social justice in counseling psychology: Then, now, and looking forward. The Counseling Psychologist, 47(6), 938–962.

Loney-Howes, R. (2019). The politics of the personal: The evolution of anti-rape activism from second-wave feminism to #MeToo. In #MeToo and the Politics of Social Change (pp. 21–35).

McCormick-Huhn, K., Warner, L. R., Settles, I. H., & Shields, S. A. (2019). What if psychology took intersectionality seriously? Changing how psychologists think about participants. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 43(4), 036168431986643.

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 4 History and Influence of the New School of Thought

Medina, L., Sabo, S., & Vespa, J. (2020). Population estimates and projections current population reports. Retrieved from

Wypych, V. (2022). We are more than just spectators: Feminist psychology theory applied to sports psychology. Honors Projects in Applied Psychology. Retrieved from

PSYC FPX 4100 Assessment 4 History and Influence of the New School of Thought

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