Phillip April 1, 2024 No Comments

PSYC FPX 4210 Assessment 3 Personality and Technology

PSYC FPX 4210 Assessment 3 Personality and Technology Name Capella University PSYC FPX4210 Cyberpsychology Prof. Name Date Introduction Addiction is commonly associated with substances such as drugs or alcohol, but in recent years, various other forms of addiction have emerged. An examination of addiction reveals how individuals adapt to different environments and how their destructive behaviors can shape their surroundings. Internet gambling, a contemporary issue, has become a pervasive technological phenomenon, presenting significant psychological challenges. This paper delves into the addiction associated with online gambling. Underlying Psychological Theory As the internet has evolved, it has introduced not only excitement but also new forms of addiction. Addiction, a multifaceted concept, often goes unnoticed by individuals. Numerous theories surround addiction, including genetic theories, adaptive theory, and conditioning and biological (exposure) theories. While gambling has been present throughout history, internet gambling has elevated this behavior to new levels (Dunn, 2014). Online gambling offers easy accessibility, and individuals experience a sense of privacy when engaging in gambling activities from their homes. Among the various addiction theories, exposure theory aligns most closely with the addiction to internet gambling. Winning triggers the release of endorphins, creating a sensation akin to ecstasy. The conditioning model of exposure theory reinforces the desire to continue playing and winning (Petry & Weinstock, 2007), highlighting that anyone can develop addictive behavior due to such reinforcements. Individuals with a gambling addiction typically do not exhibit a solitary psychological disorder; instead, other concurrent disorders often coexist. While gambling is a pathological disorder, the virtual realm of computers exacerbates this addiction. Addictions, in general, can lead to problems affecting not only the individual but also their social connections, finances, and family dynamics (Yen, 2009). Media Reports and Scholarly Sources According to USA Today, gambling addiction is on par with the drug epidemic of the 1960s, with a higher prevalence among the younger generation (Dunn, 2014). Young individuals find it easier to access their parents’ credit card information to place bets, initiating online addictive behaviors. Similar to drug and alcohol addiction, gambling addiction can be addressed through preventive measures implemented by local and state governments. States like New Jersey have implemented safeguards to assist those struggling with online gambling addiction, including increased program funds. The appeal of online treatment lies in its privacy, allowing individuals to address their issues discreetly (Dunn, 2014). Acknowledging their addiction enables individuals to enter programs facilitated by the state’s gambling division, offering assistance for online gambling and gaming-related issues. PSYC FPX 4210 Assessment 3 Personality and Technology Research on internet gambling has explored its impact and differences compared to non-internet gambling (Gainsbury et al., 2013). The study reveals a correlation between gambling problems and internet gambling, particularly among younger individuals. The authors advocate for increased attention to developing new treatments and prevention strategies for the younger demographic. Furthermore, comprehensive research on various forms of gambling and the internet’s role in gambling is essential to understanding the complexities of internet gambling. Conclusion Both “Face to Face” gambling and internet gambling share similarities, with comparable effects. While some individuals can gamble without developing an addiction, others face significant challenges leading to various difficulties. Online gambling has the potential to cause emotional and financial hardships, as well as isolation from family and friends, posing a high risk for mental health issues. References Dunn, P. (2014). Online Gambling Addiction Fears. Retrieved September 24, 2018, from: http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/online-gambling-addictions Gainsbury, S., Russell, A., & Wood., R. (2013). Impact of internet gambling on gambling problems. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 27(4). doi:10.1037/a0031475 Petry, N. (2007). Internet gambling common in college students. The American Journal of Addictions, 16, 325-330. PSYC FPX 4210 Assessment 3 Personality and Technology Yen, C. (2009). Associations between aggressive behaviors and internet addiction and online activities in adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health.

Phillip April 1, 2024 No Comments

PSYC FPX 4210 Assessment 2 Research Methodologies

PSYC FPX 4210 Assessment 2 Research Methodologies Name Capella University PSYC FPX4210 Cyberpsychology Prof. Name Date Abstract Cybersecurity breaches have become prevalent in today’s interconnected world, significantly impacting organizations and industries by compromising confidential information. As technology continues to advance, the vulnerability to cyber-attacks increases, necessitating a thorough examination of human-computer interactions and their covalent relationship. This paper delves into two research articles and methodologies that focus on human attributes and behaviors in the context of cybersecurity training. Introduction The advent of technology and the widespread use of the internet by 58% of the global population (Clement, 2019) have given rise to the field of cyberpsychology. This interdisciplinary discipline explores the psychological processes underlying technologically interconnected human behavior, including cyborgs, artificial intelligence, and virtual reality (Atrill et al., 2019). With a focus on various theoretical perspectives and applications, cyberpsychology has implications for education, healthcare, workforce, and security. The paper highlights the transformative effect of technological intimacy on human perception and behavior. Psychological Perspectives in Cybersecurity As cybersecurity directly impacts daily life, understanding the psychological aspects of the cyber world becomes crucial. Security breaches and compromised information pose significant concerns, with hackers exploiting various online platforms. Psychologists, working collaboratively with IT professionals, play a vital role in identifying hackers and predicting behavior. This paper explores two research studies: one on the gamification of cybersecurity training and another on subjective habit formation in the context of cybersecurity. Analysis 1: Successful Gamification of Cybersecurity Training Steen and Deeleman’s (2021) study investigates the effectiveness of a serious game in improving Theory of Planned Behavior (Azjen, 1991) scores related to cybersecurity. The research, involving 258 participants, demonstrates that serious games positively impact self-reported TPB scores. Results indicate higher scores in attitudes, perceived behavior control intentions, and behavior compared to non-cybersecurity games. The study emphasizes the potential of serious gamification in cybersecurity training. Analysis 2: Exploring Workers’ Subjective Experiences of Habit Formation in Cybersecurity: A Qualitative Survey Collins and Hinds (2021) delve into cybersecurity habits in the workplace through a qualitative online survey. The study identifies themes related to forming habits, cultivating habits, and organizational influences. While the study has limitations, such as a relatively small sample size and lack of a control group, it suggests that habit-based interventions may be successful in developing cybersecurity behaviors at work. Critique and Recommendations The paper integrates Social Identity Theory and Social Learning Theory to offer insights into the commonalities of in-group membership and habit formation. Recommendations include leveraging these theories to enhance the effectiveness of cybersecurity training, considering distinctiveness threats, and addressing cognitive biases that contribute to human errors in cybersecurity breaches. Conclusion Cyberpsychology serves as a valuable lens to understand the intricate relationship between psychology and technology. Collaborative efforts between psychology and cybersecurity are essential to design effective strategies and software to combat cybercrime. This paper emphasizes the need for interdisciplinary research to promote a cyber-safe world. References Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), 179–211. https://doi.org/10.1016/0749-5978(91)90020-t Alhayani, et al., (2021). Effectiveness of artificial intelligence techniques against cyber security risks apply of IT industry. Materials Today: Proceedings. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2021.02.531 Ancis, J. (2020). STS 359-H01: Cyberpsychology. Digital Commons @ NJIT. https://digitalcommons.njit.edu/hum-syllabi/298/ Ancis, J. R. (2020,). The Age of Cyberpsychology: An overview · volume 1, issue 1. Technology, Mind, and Behavior. https://tmb.apaopen.org/pub/2yn6jhyv Ancis, J. R. (2020). The Age of Cyberpsychology: An Overview. Technology, Mind, and Behavior, 1(1). https://doi.org/10.1037/tmb0000009 PSYC FPX 4210 Assessment 2 Research Methodologies Attrill-Smith. (2019). The Oxford Handbook of Cyberpsychology. Oxford University Press. Bandura, A. (1977). Social Learning theory. Prentice-Hall. Branscombe, N. R., Wann, D. L., Noel, J. G., & Coleman, J. (1993). In-group or out-group extemity: Importance of the threatened social identity. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 19(4), 381–388. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167293194003 Collins, E. I. M., & Hinds, J. (2021). Exploring workers’ subjective experiences of habit formation in cybersecurity: A qualitative survey. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 24(9), 599–604. https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2020.0631 Durbin, S. (2022, January 16). 10 cognitive biases that can derail cybersecurity programs. Security Magazine RSS. https://www.securitymagazine.com/articles/96918-10-cognitive-biases-that-can-derail-cybersecu rity-programs Ho, et al., (2010). The mediate effect of trust on Organizational Online Knowledge Sharing: An empirical study. International Journal of Information Technology & Decision Making, 09(04), 625–644. https://doi.org/10.1142/s0219622010003981 Hochheiser, H., Feng, J. H., & Lazar, J. (2017). Research methods in human computer interaction (second edition). Morgan Kaufmann Publishers. Institutional Research, planning and effectiveness. Institutional Research. https://www.ir.colostate.edu/surveys-and-rankings/qualtrics/ McLeod, S. A. (2016). PSYC FPX 4210 Assessment 2 Research Methodologies Bandura – social learning theory. Simply Psychology. www.simplypsychology.org/bandura.html Norman, K. L. (2017). Cyberpsychology: An introduction to human-computer interaction. Cambridge University Press. The Qualitative Data Analysis & Research Software. ATLAS.ti. https://atlasti.com/ Rogers, M. K., Seigfried, K., & Tidke, K. (2006). Self-reported computer criminal behavior: A psychological analysis. Digital Investigation, 3, 116–120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diin.2006.06.002 Spears, R., Doosje, B., & Ellemers, N. (1997). Self-stereotyping in the face of threats to group status and distinctiveness: The role of group identification. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 23(5), 538–553. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167297235009 Tajfel, H., & Turner, J. C. (2004). The social identity theory of intergroup behavior. Political Psychology, 276–293. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203505984-16

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PSYC FPX 4210 Assessment 1 The Field of Cyberpsychology

PSYC FPX 4210 Assessment 1 The Field of Cyberpsychology Name Capella University PSYC FPX4210 Cyberpsychology Prof. Name Date Abstract The paper examines the impact of technology from the perspective of cyberpsychology, offering a broad overview of recent innovations and their potential effects on humanity. It discusses various technological advancements and their applications, followed by an exploration of theories and models in cyberpsychology, human factors, sociological impacts, and utility in conjunction with recent technologies. The paper concludes by highlighting specific examples of ethical, legal, and personal implications in the field of cyberpsychology. The Field of Cyberpsychology Cyberpsychology, defined as the study of humanity’s interaction with digital technologies (Atrill-Smith, 2019), has gained increasing relevance since World War II and particularly over the last two decades. Notable technological innovations since 2011 include Google’s driverless car obtaining a driver’s license in 2012 and the creation of Amazon’s Alexa (Turakhia, 2020). These developments, alongside advancements in space travel with SpaceX and healthcare technologies like the ReWalk Exoskeleton, signify significant progress (Turakhia, 2020). However, alongside these advancements, concerns arise regarding the societal impacts of technologies such as virtual reality, medical augmentation, social media, and artificial intelligence (Norman, 2008; Vogels, 2020). HCI Understanding Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) becomes increasingly crucial as digital interactions replace traditional face-to-face contact. Research in this area encompasses online behavior, personality traits related to social media use, and the cognitive effects of gaming, telepsychology, and virtual reality (Norman, 2008; Whitty, 2017; Cheng, 2015). These studies aim to quantify how digital interactions influence personality, cognitive development, and social maturity. Theories Cyberpsychology intersects with well-established theories of human psychological development, affecting attachment, cognitive constructs, and sociocultural norms (McFarland, 2017). The rapid integration of digital technology into everyday life has fundamentally altered human interaction, yet the full extent of its effects remains unclear (Norman, 2008; Cheng, 2015). The User Despite technological advancements, human participants remain the primary decision-makers in the adoption and use of HCI products. Developers must consider psychological factors that influence consumer behavior, such as the need for group acceptance or intellectual stimulation (Norman, 2008). Impacts The digital world has transformed entertainment, leisure, social interaction, and various industries, including healthcare and finance (Vogels, 2020). While technology enhances access to information and services, it also poses risks, such as addiction to gaming, gambling, or pornography, and the emergence of cyberbullying (Cherry, 2020; Norman, 2008; Cheng, 2015). Negative Developments Misuse of technology, including cyberbullying and parental neglect facilitated by digital platforms, can lead to severe developmental issues (Cherry, 2020; Norman, 2008). Cyberbullying, in particular, inflicts psychological harm and necessitates policy-driven interventions to address (Cheng, 2015). Conclusion Cyberpsychology intersects with established theories of human cognitive development but presents unique challenges to mental health professionals (Norman, 2008). While HCI can facilitate unhealthy behaviors, it also has the potential to augment positive human behaviors and learning (Norman, 2008). Future cyberpsychologists must develop strategies to mitigate negative impacts while fostering positive outcomes. References Atrill-Smith, A., Fullwood, C., Keep, M., & Kuss, D. J. (Eds.). (2019). The Oxford Handbook of Cyberpsychology. Oxford University Press. Cheng, C., Sun, P., & Mak, K. (2015). Internet addiction and psychosocial maladjustment: Avoidant coping and coping inflexibility as psychological mechanisms. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 18(9), 539-546. https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2015.0121 McFarland, H. S. N. (2017). Psychological Theory and Educational Practice: Human Development, Learning and Assessment (First ed.). Taylor and Francis. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315226521 Norman, K. L. (2008). Cyberpsychology: An Introduction to Human–Computer Interaction. Cambridge University Press. PSYC FPX 4210 Assessment 1 The Field of Cyberpsychology Turakhia, Bhavin. (2020). “Top 10 Technological Advances of the Past Decade.” Retrieved from https://blog.flock.com/top-technological-advances-of-the-2010s Vogels, Emily A., Rainie, L., & Anderson, J. (2020). Experts Predict More Digital Innovation by 2030 Aimed at Enhancing Democracy. Pew Research Center. Retrieved from https://www.pewresearch.org/internet/2020/06/30/experts-predict-more-digital-innovation-by-2030-aimed-at-enhancing-democracy/ Whitty, M. T., & Young, G. (2017). Cyberpsychology: The Study of Individuals, Society and Digital Technologies (1st ed.). The British Psychological Society. PSYC FPX 4210 Assessment 1 The Field of Cyberpsychology

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