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BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 2 Neuromuscular Lab

BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 2 Neuromuscular Lab Name Capella University BIO FPX 1000 Human Biology Prof. Name Date Neuromuscular Lab The Neuromuscular Lab: An Exploration into Peripheral Nerve Regeneration and Prosthetic Limb Control The Neuromuscular Lab, situated within the University of Michigan Department of Surgery, dedicates its efforts to understanding and addressing peripheral nerve injuries and the functional neural control of prosthetic limbs. Unlike central nervous system neural cells, peripheral nerves possess the remarkable ability to regenerate. Research conducted by the Neuromuscular Lab at the University of Michigan Department of Surgery focuses on unraveling the intricacies of the regeneration process, pioneering innovative technologies, and refining surgical techniques to enhance patient outcomes following peripheral nerve damage (University of Michigan Department of Surgery Research, 2019). This article explores the importance of comprehensive eye exams and the ramifications of neglecting them. Eye Exam A comprehensive eye exam encompasses a battery of tests designed to assess vision and detect various eye conditions. These tests may involve the use of different lenses, specialized tools, and examination of the eye under various lighting conditions. The American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends a thorough eye exam at the age of 40, particularly for individuals without apparent vision issues (American Academy of Ophthalmology, n.d.). Regular eye examinations, occurring annually or biennially for individuals aged 60 or older, as well as for contact lens or glasses users, individuals with a history of vision loss, genetic eye conditions, chronic diseases such as diabetes, or those using medications with potential adverse effects on the eyes, are imperative (Mayo Clinic, 2019). Tests such as eye muscle evaluations, visual acuity tests, and refraction assessments contribute to the comprehensive evaluation of ocular health (Mayo Clinic, 2019). Routine eye examinations play a pivotal role in preventing or minimizing damage caused by certain eye conditions, with more than 75 percent of sight loss and blindness being preventable through appropriate treatment or lifestyle modifications (Toli et al., 2021). Recent research underscores mitochondrial flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) transporter deficiencies as contributors to neuromuscular dysfunction, leading to a neuro-myopathic phenotype (Al Shamsi et al., 2021). Significance of Reflex Measurement in Diagnostic Eye Exams Reflex measurement is an integral component of diagnostic eye examinations as it provides valuable insights for localizing the source of neuromuscular diseases. Reflex testing serves as a crucial tool in accurate bedside diagnosis, offering insights that may not be attainable through other modalities such as clinical neurophysiological and neuroradiological investigations (Palmer et al., 2020). Consequences of Neglecting Reflex Measurement The omission of reflex measurement during eye exams can result in undetected infections and diseases, thereby posing a risk to timely intervention and potentially serving as a barrier to addressing ocular issues that may contribute to brain injuries (Stuart et al., 2020). Patient Examinations Elena Age: 36 Complaint: Red eye and pain Blood Pressure: 140/90 mm Hg Past Ocular History: Similar episodes reported Eye Test: Diagnosed with reduced vision Possible Resolution: Recommended to avoid high beam lights Manav Dutt Age: 45 Complaint: Blurred vision, frequent headaches Blood Pressure: 140/90 mm Hg Past Ocular and Medical History: Hypertension, chain smoking Eye Test: Diagnosed with partial blindness due to chemical injury Possible Resolution: Immediate intervention recommended, referral to an ophthalmologist Spencer Hogle Age: 36 Occupation: Factory worker Complaint: Eye bleeding Blood Pressure: 113/80 mm Hg Past Ocular and Medical History: No similar issues reported Eye Test: Diagnosed with corrosive chemical metal damage Possible Resolution: Immediate surgery by an expert ophthalmologist required Conclusion Regular eye examinations, comprising various assessments, are instrumental in identifying and addressing ocular issues. Reflex measurement during diagnostic eye exams aids in localizing the source of neuromuscular diseases. Timely eye examinations are paramount to prevent overlooked issues and ensure prompt intervention. References Al Shamsi, B., Al Murshedi, F., Al Habsi, A., & Al-Thihli, K. (2021). Hypoketotic hypoglycemia without neuromuscular complications in patients with SLC25A32 deficiency. European Journal of Human Genetics. American Academy of Ophthalmology. (n.d.). Eye exam – Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic. (2019). Eye exam – Mayo Clinic. BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 2 Neuromuscular Lab Palmer, J. J., Jones, C., Surur, E. I., & Kelly, A. H. (2020). Understanding the role of the diagnostic “Reflex” in the elimination of human African trypanosomiasis. Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease, 5(2), 52. Stuart, S., Parrington, L., Martini, D., Peterka, R., Chesnutt, J., & King, L. (2020). The measurement of eye movements in mild traumatic brain injury: A structured review of an emerging area. Frontiers in Sports and Active Living, 2. Toli, A., Perente, A., & Labiris, G. (2021). Evaluation of the red reflex: An overview for the pediatrician. World Journal of Methodology, 11(5), 263–277. University of Michigan Department of Surgery Research. (2019). Neuromuscular Lab | Surgery Research | Michigan Medicine. Surgery Research. BIO FPX 1000 Assessment 2 Neuromuscular Lab

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