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PSYC FPX 2900 Assessment 3 Personality Test

PSYC FPX 2900 Assessment 3 Personality Test Name Capella University PSYC FPX 2900 Introduction to Psychology of Personality Prof. Name Date Personality Test Personality traits refer to the characteristic patterns of feeling, behaving, and thinking (Soto, 2015). They constitute an integral aspect of human functioning and psychopathology (Baranczuk, 2019). According to Soto (2015), there are two stages in understanding personality traits: cumulative and maturity principles. The cumulative principle suggests that traits become stable over time, ordered from highest to lowest trait. Meanwhile, the maturity principle indicates the average levelness of a trait, with individuals generally becoming more agreeable, conscientious, and emotionally stable as they age (Soto, 2015). Eysenck’s Hierarchical model identifies three main traits: Psychoticism, Extroversion, and Neuroticism, which can be inherited or developed through repeated actions that become habitual (Larsen & Buss, 2018). In adulthood, personality is a combination of hierarchical traits and the Big Five factors, while youth and adolescence are characterized by the Little Six factors and four major trait dimensions: sociability, negative emotionality, persistence, and activity level (Soto, 2015). Ways to Gather Data Data on personality can be obtained from four primary sources: self-report, observer report, lab tests, and life history outcomes (Larsen & Buss, 2018). Various tests exist for assessing personality, including the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, Birkman Method, and Hogan Personality Inventory. When administering these tests, it is essential to consider validity and reliability. Validity refers to the extent to which a test measures what it claims to measure, while reliability reflects the consistency of the obtained measure (Larsen & Buss, 2018). Results In this study, I undertook both the SAPA-Project test and the IPIP-NEO test based on the five-factor model to compare their validity and reliability. Despite similar experiences during test-taking, the results revealed consistency between the two assessments. I exhibited low extraversion, indicating introverted tendencies, an average level of agreeableness, low conscientiousness suggesting a preference for living in the moment and being laid back, high neuroticism reflecting sensitivity and emotional fluctuations, and low openness indicating a conservative nature. PSYC FPX 2900 Assessment 3 Personality Test Upon reviewing the results, I found both tests to be accurate reflections of my personality. However, I believe the SAPA-Project test demonstrated reliability, while the IPIP-NEO test showed validity. Considering Eysenck’s proposition that repeated actions can become habitual (Larsen & Buss, 2018), I am motivated to address my low conscientiousness. Although my personality may evolve over time, significant changes are unlikely. References Baranczuk, U. (2019). The Five-Factor Model of Personality and Emotion Regulation: A Meta-analysis. Personality and Individual Differences, 217-227. Larsen, R., & Buss, D. (2018). Personality Psychology: Domains of Knowledge about Human Nature (6th ed.). McGraw-Hill. Soto, C. J. (2015). Personality Traits in Childhood and Adolescence: Structure, Development, and Outcomes. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 24(5), 358-362. PSYC FPX 2900 Assessment 3 Personality Test

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