Phillip March 29, 2024 No Comments

PSYC FPX 2800 Assessment 4 Sexual Behaviors

PSYC FPX 2800 Assessment 4 Sexual Behaviors Name Capella University PSYC FPX 2800 Introduction to Human Sexuality Prof. Name Date Abstract This paper explores the sexual behaviors depicted in the Fifty Shades trilogy, focusing on the characters Anastasia Steele (Ana) and Christian Grey. Ana, a literature college senior and virgin, encounters Christian, a young businessman, and they become attracted to each other. Christian introduces Ana to his world of bondage, dominance, sadism, and masochism (BDSM) through a contract and a dedicated room in his house filled with BDSM equipment. The paper examines the acceptance or deviance of such behavior and its societal impact, particularly in media portrayal. Sexual Behavior Sexual behavior encompasses individuals’ chosen sexual practices, which can be categorized as normal or deviant. Christian’s BDSM practices, introduced to Ana in the trilogy, exemplify deviant sexual behavior due to their perceived abnormality and discomfort. Ana’s shock upon encountering Christian’s playroom and her subsequent discomfort indicate the deviation from societal norms. Christian’s insistence on a contract and non-disclosure agreement further underscores the recognition of the behavior’s deviance. Bondage Dominance Sadism Masochism (BDSM) BDSM practices involve power exchange and sensory experiences, often utilizing restraints and physical stimulation. Christian’s enjoyment of exerting dominance over Ana and Ana’s discomfort with the intensity of BDSM highlight the complexities of power dynamics and trust within the relationship. Despite Ana’s initial curiosity, the experience ultimately leads to the dissolution of their relationship. Bondage Dominance Sadism Masochism and the Media Media representations of BDSM, such as the Fifty Shades trilogy, often portray such practices negatively, contributing to misconceptions and stigma surrounding BDSM. Critics argue that such portrayals glamorize abuse and promote harmful stereotypes. However, BDSM practitioners emphasize the importance of consent and trust within their activities, which are often misrepresented by the media. Impact on Society Based on Media Portrayal of BDSM The media’s portrayal of BDSM can influence societal perceptions and behaviors, both positively and negatively. While the Fifty Shades trilogy sparked curiosity and awareness about BDSM, it also perpetuated harmful stereotypes and misinformation. Lack of accurate information may lead to shame, isolation, or even dangerous practices among individuals exploring BDSM. Bondage Dominance Sadism Masochism and the Media – Abnormal and Deviant Despite societal judgment and media sensationalism, BDSM remains a valid form of sexual expression for many individuals. Misrepresentation and stigma surrounding BDSM hinder understanding and acceptance. Accurate information and open communication are crucial in dispelling myths and reducing stigma associated with non-traditional sexual practices. Conclusion The portrayal of sexual behaviors in media, such as the Fifty Shades trilogy, influences societal perceptions and attitudes towards non-traditional practices like BDSM. While media representation may perpetuate stigma and misunderstanding, individuals should seek accurate information from reliable sources to make informed decisions about their sexual preferences and behaviors. References Castleman, M. (2012). A Loving Introduction to BDSM. Psychology Today. Retrieved from: https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/all-about-sex/201206/loving-introduction-bdsm. Hatten, Q. (2017). Fifty Shades of Psychology. Study Breaks. Retrieved from: https://studybreaks.com/tvfilm/fifty-shades-of-psychology/. Holt, K. K. (2016). Blacklisted: Boundaries, Violations, Retaliatory Behavior in the BDSM Community. Deviant Behavior, 37(8), 917-930. https://doiorg.library.capella.edu/10.1080/01639625.2016.1156982. Hyde, J., & DeLamater, J. (2019). Understanding Human Sexuality (13th ed.). New York City, NY: McGraw Hill Education. Ibrahim, H. (2014). BDSM stereotypes perpetuated by media. The Aquinian. Retrieved from: http://theaquinian.net/bdsm-stereotypes-perpetuated-media/. Kolmes, K. (n.d.). Investigating Bias in Psychotherapy with BDSM Clients. Homosexuality in 2006. Retrieved from: http://www.drkkolmes.com/docs/JOHkolmes.pdf. PSYC FPX 2800 Assessment 4 Sexual Behaviors Leistner, C. E., & Mark, K. P. (2016). Fifty shades of sexual health and BDSM identity messaging: A thematic analysis of the fifty shades series. Sexuality & Culture, 20(3), 464- 485. doi:http://dx.doi.org.library.capella.edu/10.1007/s12119-016-9337-2. Liebert, M. (n.d.). Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers | News. Home.liebertpub.com. Retrieved from: https://home.liebertpub.com/news/how-do-young-women-view-the-relationship-in-fifty-shades-of-grey/1767. Taylor and Francis. (2012). BDSM Disclosure and Stigma Management: Identifying Opportunities for Sex Education. American Journal of Sexuality Education. Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3382736/. PSYC FPX 2800 Assessment 4 Sexual Behaviors TheFreeDictionary.com. (2019). sexual behavior. Retrieved from: https://medicaldictionary.thefreedictionary.com/sexual+behavior. Westen, J., & Hawkins, D. (2015). ‘Fifty Shades of Grey’ Will Lead to Spike in Abuse of Women. CNS News. Retrieved from: https://www.cnsnews.com/commentary/john-henry-westen/fifty-shades-grey-will-lead-spike-abuse-women.

Phillip March 29, 2024 No Comments

PSYC FPX 2800 Assessment 3 Contemporary Issues

PSYC FPX 2800 Assessment 3 Contemporary Issues Name Capella University PSYC FPX 2800 Introduction to Human Sexuality Prof. Name Date Introduction Over 50% of pregnancies in the United States are unintended, posing challenges for young individuals who may lack the financial means or educational background to support a child (Kelly, 2014). Such unplanned pregnancies often lead to emotional strain and relational conflicts, with various options available, though not all socially accepted. Accidental Pregnancy Modern contraceptive methods offer choices such as medical procedures, birth control, condoms, and abstinence (CDC, 2017). In the event of an unintended pregnancy, options include parenting, termination, or adoption (Kelly, 2014). However, societal stigmas may influence decisions. Stigma around Abortion Historically, abortion faced societal condemnation but gained legality through court cases like Roe vs. Wade (National Abortion Federation, 2018). Despite legal recognition, stigma persists, affecting women’s choices and relationships (National Abortion Federation, 2018). Instinct Theory suggests a natural inclination towards motherhood, potentially influencing attitudes towards abortion (Cherry, 2018). The Dialogical Approach The Dialogical Self Theory posits that individuals perceive themselves through various social lenses, influencing decision-making (Marston, Renedo, & Nyaab, 2017). This approach explores how cultural norms shape family planning choices. Case Study In the case of Millie and Max, differing perspectives on abortion highlight internal conflicts and societal pressures (Hanshmidt et al., 2016). Max’s resistance to abortion reflects social stigma, complicating decision-making for Millie. PSYC FPX 2800 Assessment 3 Contemporary Issues Ethical Standards Psychologists adhere to ethical standards, ensuring client autonomy and avoiding personal biases (APA, 2018). Counseling should facilitate informed decision-making without imposing values. Conclusion The case of Millie and Max underscores the importance of counseling to navigate conflicting perspectives on abortion. Societal stigma exacerbates tensions, emphasizing the need for empathetic support. References American Psychological Association. (2018). Ethical Principals of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. Retrieved from https://apa.org/ethics/code/index Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2017). How Effective are Birth Control methods? Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/contraception/index Cherry, K. (2018). Instinct Theory of Motivation. Retrieved from https://www.verywellmind.com/instinct-theory-of-motivation Hanshmidt, T., et al. (2016). [Title of the Research Study]. Journal Name, Volume(Issue), Page Numbers. Marston, C., Renedo, A., & Nyaab, G. (2017). Fertility Regulation as Identity Maintenance. Journal of Health Psychology, 23, 240-251. doi:10.1177/1359105317726 National Abortion Federation. (2018). History of Abortion. Retrieved from https://prochoice.org/education-and-advocacy PSYC FPX 2800 Assessment 3 Contemporary Issues

Phillip March 29, 2024 No Comments

PSYC FPX 2800 Assessment 2 Human Sexuality Case Study

PSYC FPX 2800 Assessment 2 Human Sexuality Case Study Name Capella University PSYC FPX 2800 Introduction to Human Sexuality Prof. Name Date Introduction – Patricia and Ira Finding a life partner can be challenging for everyone, as is finding sexual satisfaction within a relationship. This journey often involves various strategies to maintain a healthy sexual connection. Evolutionary Psychology suggests that men and women employ different strategies to preserve and nurture relationships, leading to conflicts stemming from gender differences. The case study of Patricia and Ira exemplifies these dynamics. Evolutionary Psychology Evolutionary Psychology, the scientific exploration of human behaviors and thoughts in the context of evolutionary goals like reproduction, underscores the differences in how men and women select partners. Men, biologically driven to seek sexually appealing partners, focus on short-term mating strategies, while women, capable of pregnancy and childbirth, seek partners who can provide support for themselves and their offspring. These gender-based differences shape the selection process for partners, reflecting diverse life goals (Kelly, 2014). Research indicates that men and women utilize distinct strategies to fulfill their relationship goals. These strategies can be categorized into long-term, focused on marriage and parenting, and short-term, emphasizing genetic compatibility. While both genders may employ both strategies, men tend to lean towards short-term mating, while women prioritize long-term investment due to the differing reproductive costs and benefits (Sefcek et al., 2007). Studies have shown that women employing short-term mating strategies are still able to select mates and reproduce, especially in challenging circumstances like disease or conflict. Conversely, men employing long-term strategies tend to attract higher quality partners, enhancing the overall fitness of their offspring (Kruger, Fisher, & Jobling, 2003). Case Study Analyzing the case study of Patricia and Ira through an evolutionary psychology lens elucidates their relationship dynamics. Patricia’s desire to move in together signifies a transition from a short-term to a long-term relationship, emphasizing commitment and shared expenses. However, Ira’s reluctance suggests a preference for the status quo, indicating a misalignment in long-term goals. This disparity may lead Patricia to reassess Ira’s suitability as a long-term partner, potentially ending the relationship or accepting its short-term nature (Sefcek et al., 2007). PSYC FPX 2800 Assessment 2 Human Sexuality Case Study Ethical Standards Addressing the ethical considerations in providing relationship therapy to couples like Patricia and Ira requires adherence to confidentiality guidelines outlined by the APA. Therapists must establish clear boundaries regarding client confidentiality, especially when counseling couples. Confidentiality agreements should be maintained unless both parties consent to share information, ensuring equitable treatment and trust-building within the therapeutic relationship (Pukay-Martin, 2008). Conclusion Understanding the evolutionary underpinnings of mate selection and relationship dynamics can help couples navigate conflicts and strengthen their bond. Acknowledging gender-based differences and ethical considerations is essential for therapists assisting couples in resolving conflicts and fostering healthier relationships. References Kelly, G. (2014.) Sexuality Today. New York, NY Pukay-Martin, D.(2008.) Ethical Considerations in Working With Couples: Confidentiality within the couple. Retrieved from http://www.nationalregistr.org/pub/the-national-report- pub/the-register-report-fall-2008/ethical-considerations Sefcek, J., Brumbach, B., Vasquez, G., & Miller, F. (2007.) The Evolutionary Psychology of Human Mate Choice: how ecology, genes, and fertility influences mating behavior. University of Arizona, Department of Psychology. Retrieved from http://www.unm.edu/edu~gfmiller/new_papers/sefcek%20mill.pdf PSYC FPX 2800 Assessment 2 Human Sexuality Case Study

Phillip March 29, 2024 No Comments

PSYC FPX 2800 Assessment 1 Foundations of Human Sexuality

PSYC FPX 2800 Assessment 1 Foundations of Human Sexuality Name Capella University PSYC FPX 2800 Introduction to Human Sexuality Prof. Name Date Foundations of Human Sexuality There exist various schools of thought concerning gender identity theories. Some contend that gender identity is solely predicated upon biological makeup, while others integrate our evolving comprehension of ourselves and the surrounding environment. Gender identity transcends any singular theory; it is influenced by biology, society, environment, rituals, and expected behaviors. Thus, comprehending the formation of gender identity necessitates an understanding and amalgamation of multiple theories to foster healthy attitudes towards gender and self-definition. One cognitive theory of early gender development was posited by Lawrence Kohlberg in 1966. Kohlberg introduced a stage theory of gender development, suggesting that a child’s understanding of gender evolves through stages, becoming progressively more intricate (“Cognition and gender development,” 2016). The initial stage, gender identity, involves a child recognizing their own gender and discerning the genders of others. Subsequently, in stage two, around the age of four, children grasp gender stability, understanding that gender remains constant, primarily influenced by external characteristics such as hair length or clothing types. Finally, around age seven, children attain gender constancy, comprehending that gender transcends outward appearances (“Cognition and gender development,” 2016). Contrarily, the biological approach to gender identity posits that gender is determined by hormones and chromosomes, negating a distinction between sex and gender as gender behavior is produced by biological sex (McLeod, 2016). Unlike the cognitive theory, which emphasizes the role of understanding in shaping gender perceptions, the biological approach asserts that interpretations of sex are dictated by chromosomes and hormone levels. PSYC FPX 2800 Assessment 1 Foundations of Human Sexuality My daughter Mariah’s gender development aligns closely with Kohlberg’s cognitive theory of early gender development. At the age of two, Mariah recognized her own gender and understood her parents’ genders. By age four, she comprehended the permanence of her gender based on her anatomy and identified genders based on external attributes. By age eight, Mariah recognized that appearance does not dictate gender and understood the freedom of personal choice in gender expression. Alternatively, Mariah’s gender identity development could be explained by the biological approach. Mariah exhibited sensitivity, nurturance, and maternal instincts from a young age, displaying preferences for nurturing play activities traditionally associated with femininity. This aligns with the evolutionary biological approach, suggesting that gender roles are inherited instincts passed down through generations (McLeod, 2016). In conclusion, both cognitive and biological theories of gender identity offer valid insights into the formation of gender identity. A comprehensive understanding of gender identity formation requires consideration of self-awareness, societal influences, and evolutionary instincts. References Cognition and gender development. (2016). OpenLearn. Retrieved June 16, 2016, from http://www.open.edu/openlearn/body-mind/childhood-youth/childhood-and-youthstudies/childhood/cognition-and-gender-development McLeod, S. (2016). Biological Theories of Gender | Simply Psychology. Simplypsychology.org. Retrieved June 16, 2016, from http://www.simplypsychology.org/genderbiology.html PSYC FPX 2800 Assessment 1 Foundations of Human Sexuality

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